SpaceX - Rocket Engines

Rocket Engines

Since the founding of SpaceX in 2002, the company has developed three families of rocket engines — Merlin and Kestrel for launch vehicle propulsion, and the Draco RCS control thrusters. SpaceX is currently under development of two more rocket engines: SuperDraco and Raptor.

In a June 2009 AIAA presentation, a conceptual plan for the Raptor project was unveiled. As of 2012, information was released to the public that Raptor is a higher performance Methane/LOX rocket engine, not an upper stage, and that SpaceX is undertaking a substantial new rocket engine development program for Methane-based engines. When the project originally surfaced, and very little public information was released, "Raptor" was at that time a LOX/liquid hydrogen second stage concept for Falcon 9.

Longer term projects under study include the much larger Merlin 2 engine. The Merlin 2 may be used on conceptual heavy-lift launch vehicles Falcon X, Falcon X Heavy, and Falcon XX.

In October 2012, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk publicly announced concept work on a rocket engine that would be "several times as powerful as the 1 Merlin series, and won't use Merlin's RP-1 fuel". Elon Musk declined to provide details at that time, but did indicate details would be forthcoming "sometime next year"(2013). The engine is intended for a new SpaceX rocket, using multiple of those large engines, and would notionally launch payload masses of the order of 150 to 200 tonnes (150,000 to 200,000 kg) to low-Earth orbit, exceeding the payload mass capability of the NASA Space Launch System.

In November 2012, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk announced a new direction for propulsion side of the company: developing methane/LOX rocket engines for launch vehicle main and upper stages.

While this may result in a family of methane-based engines, what has been released to date indicates that one of these will be an upper stage engine designated Raptor.

Read more about this topic:  SpaceX

Other articles related to "rocket, rocket engines, rocket engine, engines, rockets, engine":

Dnipropetrovsk - History - 1944–1987: As A Closed City in The Soviet Union
... special secret training for highly qualified engineers and scientists to become rocket construction specialists ... college degree at Dnipropetrovsk State University a master of sciences in rocket construction ... – in Russian) to construct military missiles and rocket engines ...
Rocket - Design - Engines
... Main article rocket engine Rocket engines employ the principle of jet propulsion ... The rocket engines powering rockets come in a great variety of different types, a comprehensive list can be found in rocket engine ... Most current rockets are chemically powered rockets (usually internal combustion engines, but some employ a decomposing monopropellant) that emit a hot exhaust gas ...
Spaceplane - Description - Propulsion - Rocket Engines
... All spaceplanes to date have used rocket engines with chemical fuels ... being done in space, orbital spaceplanes require rocket engines for at least that portion of the flight ...
Propellant Used For Propulsion - Liquid Propellant
... Common propellant combinations used for liquid propellant rockets include Red fuming nitric acid (RFNA) and kerosene or RP-1 RFNA and Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH) Dinitrogen tetroxide and UDMH ... for a more compact booster design storable propellant combinations - used in large rocket engines for first and second stages of ballistic missiles and in almost all bi propellant low-thrust ...
Leonid Dushkin
... Dushkin was a major pioneer of Soviet rocket engine technology ... In October 1932, he joined Fridrikh Tsander's brigade of GIRD, the Moscow rocket research group ... He assisted in the creation of their first rocket engine OR-2, and after Tsander's death, he oversaw the creation of engine "10" which powered the first Soviet liquid ...

Famous quotes containing the words engines and/or rocket:

    America is like one of those old-fashioned six-cylinder truck engines that can be missing two sparkplugs and have a broken flywheel and have a crankshaft that’s 5000 millimeters off fitting properly, and two bad ball-bearings, and still runs. We’re in that kind of situation. We can have substantial parts of the population committing suicide, and still run and look fairly good.
    Thomas McGuane (b. 1939)

    A rocket is a reed that thinks brilliantly.
    José Bergamín (1895–1983)