Science Fiction

Science fiction is a genre of fiction dealing with imaginary but more or less plausible content such as future settings, futuristic science and technology, space travel, parallel universes, aliens, and paranormal abilities. Exploring the consequences of scientific innovations is one purpose of science fiction, making it a "literature of ideas". Science Fiction has often been used by authors and film/television program makers as a device to explore more wide ranging philosophical subjects such as identity, desire, morality and social structure etc.

Science fiction is largely based on writing rationally about alternative possible worlds or futures. It is similar to, but differs from fantasy in that, within the context of the story, its imaginary elements are largely possible within scientifically established or scientifically postulated laws of nature (though some elements in a story might still be pure imaginative speculation).

The settings for science fiction are often contrary to known reality, but most science fiction relies on a considerable degree of suspension of disbelief, which is facilitated in the reader's mind by potential scientific explanations or solutions to various fictional elements. Science fiction elements include:

  • A time setting in the future, in alternative timelines, or in a historical past that contradicts known facts of history or the archaeological record.
  • A spatial setting or scenes in outer space (e.g., spaceflight), on other worlds, or on subterranean earth.
  • Characters that include aliens, mutants, androids, or humanoid robots.
  • Technology that is futuristic (e.g., ray guns, teleportation machines, humanoid computers).
  • Scientific principles that are new or that contradict known laws of nature, for example time travel, wormholes, or faster-than-light travel.
  • New and different political or social systems (e.g. dystopia, post-scarcity, or a post-apocalyptic situation where organized society has collapsed).
  • Paranormal abilities such as mind control, telepathy, telekinesis, and teleportation.
  • Other universes or dimensions and travel between them.

Read more about Science FictionDefinitions, History, Subgenres, Fandom and Community, Science Fiction Studies, Science Fiction World-wide

Other articles related to "science fiction, fiction":

Science Fiction World-wide - Latin America
... Although there is still some controversy as to when science fiction began in Latin America, the earliest works date from the late 19th century ... Up to the 1960s, science fiction was the work of isolated writers who did not identify themselves with the genre, but rather used its elements to criticize society, promote their own agendas or tap into the public's ... This, in turn, led to the permanent emergence of science fiction in the 1960s and mid 1970s, notably in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, and Cuba ...
Mission Earth (novel) - Public Reaction - Critical Response
... It is frequently cited within science fiction circles as one of the worst science fiction novels ever written ... The influential The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction describes the series "whose farcical overemphases fail to disguise an overblown tale that would have been more at home in the dawn of pulp magazines ... better than Mission Earth, his only other later published work of fiction) ...
Edward M. Lerner
... Lerner (born 1949) is a US author of science fiction and techno-thrillers ... "Grandpa?" was made into a short film, The Grandfather Paradox, and shown at the 2006 Balticon Science Fiction convention where it won the Best Film Award ... It was also a semifinalist at the 2006 Science Fiction Short Film Festival ...
Lloyd Biggle, Jr. - Career
... Both Biggle's science fiction and mystery stories have received international acclaim ... He was celebrated in science fiction circles as the author who introduced aesthetics into a literature known for its scientific and technological complications ... Among Biggle's enduring science fiction creations were the Interplanetary Relations Bureau and the Cultural Survey, both featured in novels and magazine stories ...
Unknown (magazine) - Influence
... on the same rational approach to fantasy that he required of his science fiction writers, and in the words of Clareson, this led to the destruction of "not ... Clareson also suggests that Unknown influenced the science fiction that appeared in Astounding after Unknown folded ... Clareson further proposes that Galaxy Science Fiction and The Magazine of Fantasy Science Fiction, two of the most important and successful science fiction and fantasy magazines, were direct ...

Famous quotes containing the words fiction and/or science:

    The beginning of human knowledge is through the senses, and the fiction writer begins where human perception begins. He appeals through the senses, and you cannot appeal to the senses with abstractions.
    Flannery O’Connor (1925–1964)

    Already nature is serving all those uses which science slowly derives on a much higher and grander scale to him that will be served by her. When the sunshine falls on the path of the poet, he enjoys all those pure benefits and pleasures which the arts slowly and partially realize from age to age. The winds which fan his cheek waft him the sum of that profit and happiness which their lagging inventions supply.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)