Russian (ру́сский язы́к, russkiy yazyk, pronounced ) is a Slavic language spoken primarily in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Moldova, Latvia, Estonia, and to a lesser extent, the other countries that were once constituent republics of the USSR. Russian belongs to the family of Indo-European languages and is one of three living members of the East Slavic languages. Written examples of Old East Slavonic are attested from the 10th century onwards.
It is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia and the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages. It is also the largest native language in Europe, with 144 million native speakers in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. Russian is the 8th most spoken language in the world by number of native speakers and the 4th by total number of speakers. The language is one of the six official languages of the United Nations.
Russian distinguishes between consonant phonemes with palatal secondary articulation and those without, the so-called soft and hard sounds. This distinction is found between pairs of almost all consonants and is one of the most distinguishing features of the language. Another important aspect is the reduction of unstressed vowels. Stress, which is unpredictable, is not normally indicated orthographically though an optional acute accent (знак ударения, znak udareniya) may be used to mark stress (such as to distinguish between homographic words, for example замо́к (meaning lock) and за́мок (meaning castle), or to indicate the proper pronunciation of uncommon words or names).
Other articles related to "russian, language, russian language, languages":
... to the above mentioned countries in which Russian is an official language, there are several other countries where Russian, though not official, is an important secondary ... These include Armenia, see Russian language in Armenia Azerbaijan Estonia, see Russian language in Estonia Ukraine, see Russian language in Ukraine Georgia Israel, see Russian language in Israel Latvia ...
... Main article History of the Russian language See also Reforms of Russian orthography The history of Russian language may be divided into the following periods ... East Slavic as a literary and commercial language. 988 and the introduction of the South Slavic Old Church Slavonic as the liturgical and official language ...
... "krasnyi" (red or beautiful) in Russian language has an interesting history ... For the color notation proper, the Slavic languages use the word "chervonyi" ... But in the Russian language, the word "chervonyi" for the red color has been lost, although one can still see the link in the word "chervontsy" (bank notes worth of 10 roubles of red ...
... Do you consider it necessary to make Russian an official language in Ukraine? (according to annual surveys by the Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences) 1998. 1999 ... Kuchma, used their promise of making Russian a second state language to win support ... election-campaign he stated that the statued of Russian in Ukraine "is too politicized" and said that if elected President in 2010 he would "have a real opportunity to adopt a law on ...
... "Dnyom i Nochyu" (Russian Днём и ночью) also known as "Ierusalim" (Russian Иерусалим, "Jerusalem") by Alexander Rosenbaum ...
Famous quotes containing the words language and/or russian:
“Language is filled
with words for deprivation
images so familiar
it is hard to crack language open
into that other country
the country of being.”
—Susan Griffin (b. 1943)
“Other centuries had their driving forces. What will ours have been when men look far back to it one day? Maybe it wont be the American Century, after all. Or the Russian Century or the Atomic Century. Wouldnt it be wonderful, Phil, if it turned out to be everybodys century, when people all over the worldfree peoplefound a way to live together? Id like to be around to see some of that, even the beginning.”
—Moss Hart (19041961)