Rock Art

Rock art is an archaeological term used to refer to human-made markings placed on natural stone. A global phenomenon, rock art is found in many different regions of the world, having been produced in many different contexts throughout human history, although the majority of rock art that has been ethnographically recorded has been produced as a part of ritual. Such artworks are often divided into three forms: petroglyphs which are carved into the rock surface, pictographs which are painted onto the surface, and earth figures engraved into the ground.

The oldest known rock art dates from the Upper Palaeolithic period, having been found in Europe, Australasia and Africa. Archaeologists studying these artworks believe that they likely had magico-religious significance.

The archaeological sub-discipline of rock art studies first developed in the late-19th century among Francophone scholars studying the Upper Palaeolithic rock art found in the cave systems of Western Europe. Rock art also continues to be of importance to indigenous peoples in various parts of the world, who view them as both sacred items and significant components of their cultural patrimony. Such archaeological sites are also significant sources of cultural tourism, and have been utilised in popular culture for their aesthetic qualities.

Read more about Rock ArtTerminology, Background, Motifs and Panels, Rock Art Studies

Other articles related to "rock, rock art, rocks, art":

Painted Rock (San Luis Obispo County, California) - History
... The interior of the rock alcove is adorned with many pictographs created by the Chumash, Salinan and Yokut peoples over many thousands of years ... Ancient rock art in red, black and white yucca pigments, and some yellow, green and blue were painted with rodent tail hair brushes or simple finger painting ... of the Carrizo Plain area after the Chumash departed, creating their own rock art ...
La Proveedora - Rock Art
... The figures carved on the rocks were made by direct percussion -very similar to chiseling- and they represent animals, human figures, frets, mazes, geometric shapes, heavenly bodies, and probably ... of routes, changes in seasons or weather, or just plain art for its own sake ...
Jo Anne Van Tilburg
... Her primary specialty is rock art ... of Archaeology at UCLA and Director of the UCLA Rock Art Archive ... Tilburg directs "Captured Visions", an award-winning rock art recording project in the Great Basin ...
Lionel Cripps
... Archives and served as a member of the Historical Monuments Commission and developed a passion for Rock art, making copies of all known rock art in ... Many of his reproductions of rock paintings and drawings are archived at the University of Zimbabwe's Archaeological Unit and an academic study of his ...
Rock Art Studies - History
... had undertaken much research into rock art, Anglophone archaeology had largely neglected the subject for decades ... The discipline of rock art studies witnessed what Whitley called a "revolution" during the 1980s and 1990s, as increasing numbers of archaeologists operating in the Anglophone world and ... In doing so, they recognised that rock art could be used to understand symbolic and religious systems, gender relations, cultural boundaries, cultural change and the origins of art ...

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