Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was one of the strongest chess players in the world from the early 1930s through the 1940s, an International Grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
Fine won five medals (four gold) in three chess Olympiads. Fine won the U.S. Open Chess Championship all seven times he entered (1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1941); this is a record for that event. He was the author of several chess books that are still popular today, including important books on the endgame, opening, and middlegame.
He earned a bachelor's degree from the City College of New York in 1932. After World War II, he earned his doctorate in psychology from the University of Southern California. He served as a university professor, and wrote many successful books on psychology as well.
Although Fine was regarded as a serious contender for the World Chess Championship, he declined his invitation to participate in the six-player 1948 tournament, which was organized to determine the World Champion after the 1946 death of reigning champion Alexander Alekhine, and he virtually retired from serious competition around that time.
Other articles related to "reuben fine":
... Freud a Critical Re-evaluation of his Theories, by Reuben Fine (1962) ... The Healing of the Mind, by Reuben Fine (1971) ... The Development of Freud's Thought, by Reuben Fine (1973) ...
... the Netherlands) Mikhail Botvinnik, Paul Keres and Salo Flohr (from the Soviet Union) and Reuben Fine and Samuel Reshevsky (from the USA) ... Reuben Fine elected not to play, for reasons which are not totally clear (see Reuben Fine#1948 World Championship) ...
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