Qui Tam

qui tam is a writ whereby a private individual who assists a prosecution can receive all or part of any penalty imposed. Its name is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase qui tam pro domino rege quam pro se ipso in hac parte sequitur, meaning " who sues in this matter for the king as for himself." A more literal translation would be "who as much for lord the king as for himself in this action pursues" or "follows."

The writ fell into disuse in England and Wales following the Common Informers Act 1951 but, as of 2010, remains current in the United States under the False Claims Act, 31 U.S.C. § 3729 et seq., which allows for a private individual, or "whistleblower," with knowledge of past or present fraud committed against the federal government to bring suit on its behalf. There are also qui tam provisions in 18 U.S.C. § 962 regarding arming vessels against friendly nations, 25 U.S.C. § 201 regarding violating Indian protection laws, 46a U.S.C. 723 regarding the removal of undersea treasure from the Florida coast to foreign nations, and 35 U.S.C. § 292 regarding false marking. In February 2011, the qui tam provision regarding false marking was held to be unconstitutional by a U.S. District Court, and in September of that year, the enactment of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act effectively removed qui tam remedies from § 292.

Read more about Qui Tam:  False Claims Act, History, Defense Criminal Investigative Service (DCIS), Whistleblowers, False Patent Marking

Other articles related to "qui tam":

False Claims Act - History
... Importantly, a reward was offered in what is called the qui tam provision, which permits citizens to sue on behalf of the government and be paid a percentage of the ... Qui tam is an abbreviated form of the Latin legal phrase qui tam pro domino rege quam pro se ipso in hac parte sequitur ("he who brings a case on behalf of our lord the King, as ... to the general legal rule of standing, courts have held that qui tam relators are "partially assigned" a portion of the government's legal injury, thereby allowing relators to proceed with their suits ...
Kohn, Kohn & Colapinto - Qui Tam Actions
... The firm also handles suits filed under the qui tam provisions of the False Claims Act ... Qui tam has its roots in the Abraham Lincoln administration, as Lincoln was concerned with fraud by government contractors during the Civil War ...
U.S. Forest Service Airtanker Scandal - Civil Cases - Eitel qui Tam
... text related to this article Eitel vs Reagan (declaration) In 1994, Gary Eitel filed a qui tam civil lawsuit on behalf of the Federal government against Reagan, the six airtanker operators, and a ... In a qui tam suit, a private citizen may file suit on behalf of and as an agent for the U.S ...
List Of Whistleblowers
... Michael Gravitt General Electric Became the first individual in 40 years to file a qui tam lawsuit under the False Claims Act after the statute had been weakened in 1943. 1988 Roland Gibeault Genisco Technology Gibeault filed a Qui Tam suit against defense subcontractor Genisco Technology Corp ... In 1989, Gibeault and fellow employee Inge Maudal also filed qui tam actions against Genisco's parent company, Texas Instruments ...
Qui Tam - False Patent Marking
... In 2011, the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio held that the False Marking Statute was unconstitutional ... Judge Dan Aaron Polster determined that it violated the Take Care Clause of Article II of the Constitution, because it represented "a wholesale delegation of criminal law enforcement power to private entities with no control exercised by the Department of Justice" ...

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