Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she used the additional title of Empress of India.
Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and the King died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died without surviving legitimate children. The United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy, in which the Sovereign held relatively few direct political powers. Privately, Victoria attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments. Publicly, she became a national icon, and was identified with strict standards of personal morality.
Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in 1840. Their nine children married into royal and noble families across the continent, tying them together and earning her the nickname "the grandmother of Europe". After Albert's death in 1861, Victoria plunged into deep mourning and avoided public appearances. As a result of her seclusion, republicanism temporarily gained strength, but in the latter half of her reign, her popularity recovered. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were times of public celebration.
Her reign of 63 years and seven months, which is longer than that of any other British monarch and the longest of any female monarch in history, is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. She was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover. Her son and successor, Edward VII, belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the line of his father.
Other articles related to "queen victoria, queen, victoria":
... Winston wins a Children in Need raffle in The Queen Victoria in November 2008, and in July 2009, Stacey Slater offers him a flower but he refuses ... Joyner), and in November 2009 Ian invites him for drinks at The Queen Victoria but he refuses. 2010 he has another minor speaking role asking for 3 drinks at the newly reopened Queen Vic ...
... On television, Victoria has been portrayed by Helen Hayes in Victoria Regina (1951), an episode of the American series Robert Montgomery Presents based ... Disraeli (1963) Patricia Routledge in the Granada Television series Victoria Regina (1964), also based on Housman's play Gladys Spencer in the BBC Play ... Allen in the series The Secret Adventures of Jules Verne (2000) Victoria Hamilton in the miniseries Victoria Albert (2001), in which Joyce Redman played her as an old woman ...
... She invites him to The Queen Victoria public house and is served by Ronnie ... She tells him to meet her in The Queen Victoria, but Stephanie turns up with their daughters instead to warn Ronnie off him ... Joel chooses Ronnie and stays with her at The Queen Victoria ...
... Victor Alexander Henniker-Major (1878 - ? ) Lady Victoria Alexandrina Anna Maria Byng (1842–1899) Victor Alexander Brooke Esq, later 3rd Baronet (1843–1891) Victor ... Viscount Churchill (1864–1934) Victor Albert William Welby (1864–1876) Victoria Alexandrina Julia Peel (1865–1935) Victor Albert Stanley (1867–1934) Victor Carl Haag (1867 ...
Famous quotes containing the words victoria and/or queen:
“The men who are grandfathers should be the fathers. Grandpas get to do it right with their grandchildren.”
—Anonymous Grandparent. As quoted in Women and Their Fathers, by Victoria Secunda, ch. 2 (1992)
“Just pierce my right side open
And save my baby.”
—Unknown. The Death of Queen Jane (l. 78)