Pythagorean Theorem - Generalizations - Non-Euclidean Geometry - Hyperbolic Geometry

Hyperbolic Geometry

Main article: Hyperbolic geometry See also: Gaussian curvature

For a right triangle in hyperbolic geometry with sides a, b, c and with side c opposite a right angle, the relation between the sides takes the form:

where cosh is the hyperbolic cosine. This formula is a special form of the hyperbolic law of cosines that applies to all hyperbolic triangles:

with γ the angle at the vertex opposite the side c.

By using the Maclaurin series for the hyperbolic cosine, cosh x ≈ 1 + x2/2, it can be shown that as a hyperbolic triangle becomes very small (that is, as a, b, and c all approach zero), the hyperbolic relation for a right triangle approaches the form of Pythagoras' theorem.

Read more about this topic:  Pythagorean Theorem, Generalizations, Non-Euclidean Geometry

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