A punitive expedition is a military journey undertaken to punish a state or any group of persons outside the borders of the punishing state. It is usually undertaken in response to perceived disobedient or morally wrong behavior, but may also be a covered revenge. More commonly in the 19th century, punitive expeditions were used as pretexts to colonial adventures that resulted in annexations, regime changes or changes in policies of the affected state to favour one or more colonial powers.
Stowell (1921) provides the following definition:
"When the territorial sovereign is too weak or is unwilling to enforce respect for international law, a state which is wronged may find it necessary to invade the territory and to chastise the individuals who violate its rights and threaten its security".
Read more about Punitive Expedition: Notable Punitive Expeditions
Other articles related to "punitive expedition, expedition, punitive":
... Talk of a punitive expedition began almost immediately among the Europeans in Tulagi ... the Malaitan district headquarters, 880 Malaitans had volunteered to participate in the expedition ... The leaders of the expedition had considerable trouble keeping the European volunteer army in check, and some volunteers, who had been led to believe they would be permitted to shoot ...
... President Woodrow Wilson unilaterally dispatched the Punitive Expedition into the state of Chihuahua, under General John Pershing to apprehend or kill Villa ... border, including Nogales, Arizona, to bolster border security as the Punitive Expedition continued its operations in Chihuahua ... time has led to this period - which includes the Mexican Revolution, the Punitive Expedition, and the U.S ...
... A punitive expedition sent by Kublai Khan arrived off the coast of Java in 1293 ... de Oñate ordered his nephew Vincente de Zaldivar to engage in a punitive expedition against the Keres natives of Acoma Pueblo ... Lord de la Warr waged a punitive campaign to subdue the Powhatan after they had killed the colony’s council president, John Ratcliffe ...
... Pershing's Punitive Expedition ... During this expedition, a solid red star on the rudder became the first national insignia for United States military aircraft ... they have patched up and worked over in an effort to do their share of the duty this expedition has been called upon to perform." ...
Famous quotes containing the words expedition and/or punitive:
“Writing a novel is not merely going on a shopping expedition across the border to an unreal land: it is hours and years spent in the factories, the streets, the cathedrals of the imagination.”
—Janet Frame (b. 1924)
“America is a nation fundamentally ambivalent about its children, often afraid of its children, and frequently punitive toward its children.”
—Letty Cottin Pogrebin (20th century)