Porto

Porto, also known as Oporto in English, is the second-largest city in Portugal, after Lisbon, and one of the major urban areas in Southern Europe. Its administrative limits (an area of 41.66 km²/16 sq.mi) include a population of 237,584 inhabitants distributed within 15 civil parishes. The urban area of Porto, which extends beyond the administrative limits of the city, has a population of 1.3 million in an area of 389 km2 (150 sq mi), making it the second-largest urban area in Portugal. The Porto Metropolitan Area includes approximately 1.7 million people,. It is recognized as a Gamma- level global city by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Study Group, being one of five cities on the Iberian Peninsula with global city status, (the others being Madrid, Barcelona, Lisbon and Valencia).

Located along the Douro river estuary in northern Portugal, Porto is one of the oldest European centres, and registered as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996. Its settlement dates back many centuries, when it was an outpost of the Roman Empire. Its Latin name, Portus Cale, has been referred to as the origin for the name "Portugal", based on transliteration and oral evolution from Latin. In Portuguese the name of the city is spelled with a definite article as "o Porto" (English: the port). Consequently, its English name evolved from a misinterpretation of the oral pronunciation and referred to as "Oporto" in modern literature and by many speakers.

One of Portugal's internationally famous exports, port wine, is named for Porto, since the metropolitan area, and in particular the adegas of Vila Nova de Gaia, were responsible for the production and export of the fortified wine.

Read more about Porto:  Geography, Economy, Culture, Education, Public Health, Sport, Notable Citizens

Other articles related to "porto":

Monte Argentario - Main Sights
... Rocca Spagnola (Spanish Fortress), in Porto Santo Stefano ... Forte Filippo and Forte Stella, in Porto Ercole ... Erasmus, in the historical centre of Porto Ercole, not far from the Porta Pisana ...
Ribeira Square
... Square (Portuguese Praça da Ribeira) is a historical square in Porto, Portugal ... of goods and people between the Ribeira neighbourhood and other areas of Porto ... to John Whitehead, English consul in Porto ...
Dukes Of Porto
... Duke of Porto (Portuguese Duque do Porto) is a royaly-held noble title of Portuguese nobility ... The title's namesake is from the city of Porto, in the north of Portugal ...
Monte Argentario
... The two main villages on Monte Argentario are Porto Santo Stefano, chief town, facing north, and Porto Ercole facing south ... The panoramic road Strada panoramica starts in Porto Santo Stefano allowing splendid views of the coast and the Tuscan Archipelago ...
Porto - Notable Citizens
... António Pinho Vargas (born 15 August 1951) – composer António da Silva Porto (Francisco Ferreira da Silva Porto, 24 August 1817 - 1890) was a Portuguese trader and explorer in Angola, in the ... of Kuito, founded by the Portuguese and named Belmonte at that time, was renamed Silva Porto António Soares dos Reis (1847–1889) - sculptor Belmiro de Azevedo (born 17 February 1938) – entrepreneur (born ... – the globe circumnavigation navigator probably born in Porto, but surely lived and studied in this town ...