Philip Gidley King

Captain Philip Gidley King RN (23 April 1758 – 3 September 1808) was the third Governor of New South Wales, and did much to civilise the young colony in the face of great obstacles.

When the First Fleet arrived in January 1788, King was detailed to colonise Norfolk Island for defence and foraging purposes. As Governor of New South Wales, he helped develop livestock farming, whaling and mining, built many schools and launched the colony's first newspaper. But conflicts with the military wore down his spirit, and they were able to force his resignation.

Read more about Philip Gidley KingEarly Years and Establishment of Norfolk Island Settlement, Governor of New South Wales

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Philip Gidley King - Governor of New South Wales
... Suffering from gout, King returned to England in October 1796, and after regaining his health, and resuming his naval career, he was appointed to replace Captain John Hunter as the third Governor of New South Wales ... King became Governor on 28 September 1800 ... King had some successes ...
History Of Norfolk Island - First Penal Settlement
... Fleet arrived at Port Jackson in January 1788, Phillip ordered Lieutenant Philip Gidley King to lead a party of 15 convicts and seven free men, including surgeon Thomas Jamison (the future Principal Surgeon of ... On 8 January 1789, the first child was born, Norfolk King, the son of Philip Gidley King and a convict, Ann Inett ... Norfolk King went on to become the first British Naval officer born in Australia, and was a Lieutenant, commanding the schooner Ballahoo when an American privateer captured her.) A “Letter from an Officer of ...

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