Peking

Beijing ( /beɪˈdʒɪŋ/; Chinese: 北京; pinyin: Běijīng, ), sometimes romanized as Peking ( /piːˈkɪŋ/, /peɪˈkɪŋ/), is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world. The population as of 2012 was 20,693,000. The metropolis, located in northern China, is governed as a direct-controlled municipality under the national government, with 14 urban and suburban districts and two rural counties. Beijing Municipality is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighboring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast.

Beijing is the second largest Chinese city by urban population after Shanghai and is the nation's political, cultural, and educational center. It is home to the headquarters of most of China's largest state-owned companies, and is a major hub for the national highway, expressway, railway, and high-speed rail networks. The Beijing Capital International Airport is the second busiest in the world by passenger traffic.

The city's history dates back three millenia. As the last of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, Beijing has been the political center of the country for much of the past seven centuries. The city is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, gardens, tombs, walls and gates, and its art treasures and universities have made it a center of culture and art in China. Few cities in the world have been the political and cultural center of an area as immense for so long.

Read more about Peking:  Etymology, Geography, Politics and Government, Economy, Demographics, Culture, Transportation, Education, Nature and Wildlife, See Also

Other articles related to "peking":

Thank You, Mr. Moto (novel) - Characters
... Tom Nelson – An American lawyer who has been living in Peking for several years ... Eleanor Joyce – An American museum buyer who had traveled to Peking to acquire a set of eight ancient silk scrolls depicting the landscape of China ... – A British ex-military man who is in Peking to sell Chinese art and artifacts ...
SS City Of Peking
... SS City of Peking was an iron-hulled steamship built in 1874 by John Roach Sons for the Pacific Mail Steamship Company ... City of Peking and her sister ship City of Tokio were at the time of construction the largest vessels ever built in the United States, and the second largest in the ... Unlike Great Eastern, however, which was a commercial failure, City of Peking would go on to have a long and successful commercial career ...
Battle Of Peking (1900)
... Taku Forts Tientsin Beicang Second intervention Yangcun Peking Beitang Shanhaiguan Manchuria Chinese Eastern Railway Southern Manchuria Yingkou Pai-t'ou-tzu Amur River ... Netherlands, Russia, Spain and the United States within the city of Peking ...
Peking - See Also
... Beijing List of mayors of Beijing Tourist attractions of Beijing 2045 Peking—the name of an asteroid ...
Sidney D. Gamble - Social Survey and Photography in China
... In 1917, he joined the work of Princeton-in-Peking and the Peking YMCA where his Princeton friend John Stewart Burgess invited him to do the surveys ... The book was published in 1933 as How Chinese Families Live in Peiping (as Peking was then called) ...