Peer Review

Peer review is a process of self-regulation by a profession or a process of evaluation involving qualified individuals within the relevant field. Peer review methods are employed to maintain standards, improve performance and provide credibility. In academia peer review is often used to determine an academic paper's suitability for publication.

Peer review can be categorized by the type of activity and by the field or profession in which the activity occurs. In general, those involved in a given profession or particular organization identify their particular process by the generic term "peer review". So, even when qualifiers are applied the elements of peer review may appear to be inconsistent. For example, medical peer review can refer to clinical peer review, or the peer evaluation of clinical teaching skills for both physicians and nurses, or scientific peer review of journal articles, or to a secondary round of peer review for the clinical value of articles concurrently published in medical journals. Moreover, "medical peer review" has been used by the American Medical Association to refer not only to the process of improving quality and safety in health care organizations, but also to the process of rating clinical behavior or compliance with professional society membership standards.

Thus, the terminology has poor standardization and specificity, particularly as a database search term.

Read more about Peer Review:  Professional Peer Review, Scholarly Peer Review, Criticism of Peer Review, Peer Review of Government Policy, History

Other articles related to "peer review, peer":

Technical Peer Review - Roles of Participants
... Moderator Responsible for conducting the technical peer review process and collecting inspection data ... key role in all stages of the technical peer review process except rework ... perform several duties during a technical peer review in addition to inspector’s tasks ...
Michael Welner - The Forensic Panel
... of The Forensic Panel, a multi-specialty forensic practice which employs peer-review of its forensic consultation ... The objective of peer review, pursuant to the protocols established by The Forensic Panel, is intended to minimize examiner bias by subjecting forensic assessment ... Welner's theories and practice regarding The Forensic Panel's “peer-review” are controversial, and have been criticized for Welner using employees rather than independent experts to ...
Minnesota Society Of Certified Public Accountants - Involvement - Peer Review
... All firms in public accounting must be enrolled in the peer review program ... Peer Review should be an important factor for the public when selecting a CPA firm ... Firms that undergo peer review on a regular basis show dedication to maintaining quality in the services provided by the firm ...
Peer Review - History
... The first recorded editorial prepublication peer-review process was at The Royal Society in 1665 by the founding editor of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society ... In the 20th century, peer review became common for science funding allocations ... This process appears to have developed independently from the editorial peer review ...
Biology Direct
... an online open access scientific journal that publishes original, peer-reviewed research papers and hypotheses in biology ... The journal follows a peer review system which is different from the traditional peer review system ... Direct's key aim is to provide authors and readers with an alternative to the traditional model of peer review ...

Famous quotes containing the words review and/or peer:

    Our brains are no longer conditioned for reverence and awe. We cannot imagine a Second Coming that would not be cut down to size by the televised evening news, or a Last Judgment not subject to pages of holier-than-Thou second- guessing in The New York Review of Books.
    John Updike (b. 1932)

    Research shows clearly that parents who have modeled nurturant, reassuring responses to infants’ fears and distress by soothing words and stroking gentleness have toddlers who already can stroke a crying child’s hair. Toddlers whose special adults model kindliness will even pick up a cookie dropped from a peer’s high chair and return it to the crying peer rather than eat it themselves!
    Alice Sterling Honig (20th century)