In politics, the party leader is the most powerful official within a political party. He/She speaks to his/her political party and represents them.The party leader is typically responsible for managing the party's relationship with the general public. As such, he or she will take a leading role in developing and communicating party policy, especially election platforms, to the electorate. He or she is also typically the public face of the party and the principal media contact.
In many representative democracies, party leaders compete directly for high political office. For example, leaders of parties in presidential and semi-presidential republics will often run for President. In parliamentary systems of government, party leaders typically seek to become prime minister. It is thus typical in such states (e.g., in the Westminster system) for the party leader to seek election to the legislature, and, if elected, to simultaneously serve as the party's parliamentary leader.
Sometimes, a party leader will simultaneously hold the post of chairman. However, this is rare in the Westminster system.
The method of selection of the party leader varies from party to party, though often it will involve an election involving all or part of the party membership. In some parties, only current members of the parliamentary party, or particular party office holders, may vote; in others, such as the British Labour Party, though the entire membership is eligible to vote, some electors may have a much larger share of the vote than others (see also Superdelegate for a similar concept). If only one candidate emerges, he or she is said to have been "elected by acclamation" or "ratified" by the general membership (sometimes the term "anointed" is used informally or in media discourse). In Canada, all major parties elect their leaders at a leadership convention.
The leaders of communist parties often hold the title of General secretary (e.g. General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China).
In the Gilded Age (late 19th century in the United States) there existed a system called Bossism which entailed powerful political machines, run by so-called "bosses" who awarded political positions to their associates (one example being Tammany Hall which was run by Boss Tweed) This kind of political system is also referred to as a particracy.
Other articles related to "party leader, party, leader, party leaders":
... Party secretary Party Chair . ...
... Each party represented in parliament has a party group ... by a group board and chaired by a parliamentary leader ... It is customary for the party leader to also act as parliamentary leader, but since party leaders of government parties normally sit as ministers ...
... Prior to his judicial career, Barry was a Newfoundland MHA and Liberal Party of Newfoundland and Labrador leader and Leader of the Opposition from 1984 until 1987 when he was forced to resign as party leader due to ... the leadership of the Progressive Conservative party placing second to Brian Peckford. 21, 1984, he crossed the floor to join the Liberal Party and became the party's leader later that year ...
... Name Born Died Party Office Term Notes N Denis Naughten 1973 Fine Gael TD 1997– TD for Longford–Roscommon Liam Naughten 1996 ... Fine Gael TD 1982–89 TD for ... Longford–Roscommon Michael Noonan 1943 Fine Gael TD 1981– TD for Limerick East, Party Leader (2001–02) Michael J ... campaigner William Norton 1960 ... Labour Party TD 1927–60 Tánaiste (1948–51, 1954–57), Party Leader (1932–60) O Ruairí Ó Brádaigh 1932 Sinn Féin ...
... The Serbian Progressive Party was formed when a group of 21 MPs led by Tomislav Nikolić of the Serbian Radical Party (SRS) disenchanted with the direction of the party, left and formed the Forward Serbia ... Of the Serbian Radical Party's representatives elected in the Serbian parliamentary election, 2008, 21 moved to the Serbian Progressive Party, while 56 remained in the SRS ... In the Serbian parliamentary election, 2012, the party led the Let's Get Serbia Moving coalition and gained 55 seats out of 73 won by the coalition in the National Assembly ...
Famous quotes containing the words leader and/or party:
“A bunch of horsemen curtly asked his name,
Their leader in a different dialect stated
A war was on for which he was to blame,
And he must help them.”
—Philip Larkin (19221986)
“A peace is of the nature of a conquest,
For then both parties nobly are subdued,
And neither party loser.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)