The Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (or often Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument) is a World Heritage listed, U.S. National Monument encompassing 140,000 square miles (360,000 km2) (an area larger than the country of Greece) of ocean waters, including ten islands and atolls of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, internationally recognized for both its cultural and natural values as follows:
"The area has deep cosmological and traditional significance for living Native Hawaiian culture, as an ancestral environment, as an embodiment of the Hawaiian concept of kinship between people and the natural world, and as the place where it is believed that life originates and to where the spirits return after death. On two of the islands, Nihoa and Makumanamana, there are archaeological remains relating to pre-European settlement and use. Much of the monument is made up of pelagic and deepwater habitats, with notable features such as seamounts and submerged banks, extensive coral reefs and lagoons. It is one of the largest marine protected areas (MPAs) in the world."
... Federal researchers continue to study the monument's marine resources ... new corals and present them in an 2011 exhibit dedicated to the monument ...
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