Outer Hebrides

The Outer Hebrides (Scottish Gaelic: Na h-Eileanan Siar, ) also known as the Western Isles and the Long Island, is an island chain off the west coast of mainland Scotland. The islands are geographically coterminous with Comhairle nan Eilean Siar, one of the 32 unitary council areas of Scotland. They form part of the Hebrides, separated from the Scottish mainland and from the Inner Hebrides by the waters of the Minch, the Little Minch and the Sea of the Hebrides. Scottish Gaelic is the predominant spoken language, although in a few areas English speakers form a majority.

Most of the islands have a bedrock formed from ancient metamorphic rocks and the climate is mild and oceanic. The 15 inhabited islands have a total population of about 26,500 and there are more than 50 substantial uninhabited islands. From Barra Head to the Butt of Lewis is roughly 210 kilometres (130 mi).

There are various important prehistoric structures, many of which pre-date the first written references to the islands by Roman and Greek authors. The Western Isles became part of the Norse kingdom of the Suðreyjar, which lasted for over 400 years until sovereignty was transferred to Scotland by the Treaty of Perth in 1266. Control of the islands was then held by clan chiefs, principal of whom were the MacLeods, MacDonalds, Mackenzies and MacNeils. The Highland Clearances of the 19th century had a devastating effect on many communities and it is only in recent years that population levels have ceased to decline. Much of the land is now under local control and commercial activity is based on tourism, crofting, fishing, and weaving.

Sea transport is crucial and a variety of ferry services operate between the islands and to mainland Scotland. Modern navigation systems now minimise the dangers but in the past the stormy seas have claimed many ships. Religion, music and sport are important aspects of local culture, and there are numerous designated conservation areas to protect the natural environment.

Read more about Outer Hebrides:  Geography, Geology, Climate, Prehistory, Etymology, History, Economy, Politics and Local Government, Gaelic Language, Transport, Religion, Culture and Sport

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Outer Hebrides - Religion, Culture and Sport
... There are also small Episcopalian congregations in Lewis and Harris and the Outer Hebrides are part of the Diocese of Argyll and The Isles in both the ... The oldest links in the Outer Hebrides, it was designed by Old Tom Morris ...
HMS Hydra (A144) - Three Years in The Life of A Royal Navy Survey Ship 1980-83 - Commercial Refit and Surveys in Home Waters 1980-81
... Little Minch, between the Isle of Skye and the Hebrides ... As much of the surveying work in the Hebrides was done with submarines in mind, the period alongside in the naval base was useful for liaison between the officers and ... The next task was to the west of the Hebrides this was a re-survey of an area done about a century previously, between the Monach Islands and the island of St Kilda ...
Loch Ròg
... Loch Ròg or Loch Roag is a sea loch on the west coast of Lewis, Outer Hebrides ... Beg) Fuaigh Mòr (Vuia Mòr) Great Bernera Pabaigh Mòr Vacsay Islands in Loch Ròg , Outer Hebrides Bearasaigh Campaigh Ceabhaigh Cealasaigh Eilean Chearstaidh Flodaigh (inner loch) Flodaigh (o ...
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... island parish on the southern tip of the Outer Hebrides, off the north-west coast of Scotland ... As the holiday season gets underway and the sun shines down on the southerly islands of the Outer Hebrides, new priest Father John Paul faces an uphill battle to keep his congregation ... priests of Barra and South Uist, on the southerly tip of the Outer Hebrides - but Father Roddy and Father John Paul still find time for their long-awaited and bitterly contested ...

Famous quotes containing the word outer:

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