An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process). There is no single definition and interpretations vary with usage.
The terms "open" and "standard" have a wide range of meanings associated with their usage. There are a number of definitions of open standards which emphasize different aspects of openness, including of the resulting specification, the openness of the drafting process, and the ownership of rights in the standard. The term "standard" is sometimes restricted to technologies approved by formalized committees that are open to participation by all interested parties and operate on a consensus basis.
The definitions of the term "open standard" used by academics, the European Union and some of its member governments or parliaments such as Denmark, France, and Spain preclude open standards requiring fees for use, as do the New Zealand, South African and the Venezuelan governments. On the standard organisation side, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) ensures that its specifications can be implemented on a royalty-free basis.
Many definitions of the term "standard" permit patent holders to impose "reasonable and non-discriminatory licensing" royalty fees and other licensing terms on implementers and/or users of the standard. For example, the rules for standards published by the major internationally recognized standards bodies such as the IETF, ISO, IEC, and ITU-T permit their standards to contain specifications whose implementation will require payment of patent licensing fees. Among these organizations, only the IETF and ITU-T explicitly refer to their standards as "open standards," while the others refer only to producing "standards." The IETF and ITU-T use definitions of "open standard" that allow "reasonable and non-discriminatory" patent licensing fee requirements.
The term "open standard" is sometimes coupled with "open source" with the idea that a standard is not truly open if it does not have a complete free/open source reference implementation available.
Open standards which specify formats are sometimes referred to as open formats.
Many specifications that are sometimes referred to as standards are proprietary and only available under restrictive contract terms (if they can be obtained at all) from the organization that owns the copyright on the specification. As such these specifications are not considered to be fully Open.
Other articles related to "open, open standard, standard, open standards, standards":
... the interior door buttons, with the door close button above and the door open button below, unlike in the 357/2 units ... The technical description of the formation is Driving Motor Open Standard A (DMOS-A)+Motor Standard Open (MSO)+Pantograph Trailer Open Standard Lavatory (PTOSL)+Driving ...
... Yes 5 (simple) Yes Yes Yes Yes No IRC Jarkko Oikarinen 1988 Aug Open standard Nickname!Username@hostname (or "hostmask") e.g ... Yes Yes (Mumble) Thorvald Natvig 1999 Jul Open standard ? Yes Yes Only for certified robots No Centralistic Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No OSCAR (AIM, ICQ) AOL 1997 Proprietary Username, Email Address or ... No No ? No Centralistic None No ? ? No No SIP/SIMPLE IETF 2002 Dec Open standard user@hostname Yes Yes Yes Yes No Medium ? Yes Yes Yes No Steam Friends Valve Corporation 2003 Sep 12 Proprietary ...
... EU Commissioner Erkki Liikanen "Open standards are important to help create interoperable and affordable solutions for everybody ... This means lower costs for enterprises and, ultimately, the consumer." (World Standards Day, 14 October 2003) Jorma Ollila, Chairman of Nokia's Board of Directors ".. ... Open standards and platforms create a foundation for success ...
... The OpenGL API is an open standard, and implementations exist for a wide variety of platforms Desktop Support Embedded System Support License Direct3D Microsoft Windows ... OpenGL is an open standard API that provides a number of functions to render 2D and 3D graphics, and is available on most modern operating systems including but not limited to Windows, Mac OS X and Linux ...
Famous quotes containing the words standard and/or open:
“Any honest examination of the national life proves how far we are from the standard of human freedom with which we began. The recovery of this standard demands of everyone who loves this country a hard look at himself, for the greatest achievments must begin somewhere, and they always begin with the person. If we are not capable of this examination, we may yet become one of the most distinguished and monumental failures in the history of nations.”
—James Baldwin (19241987)
“Feminism, like Boston, is a state of mind. It is the state of mind of women who realize that their whole position in the social order is antiquated, as a woman cooking over an open fire with heavy iron pots would know that her entire housekeeping was out of date.”
—Rheta Childe Dorr (18661948)