Okrug - Russia - Russian Federation

Russian Federation

In the present-day Russian Federation, the term "okrug" is either translated as "district" or rendered directly as "okrug", and is used to describe the following types of divisions:

  • Federal Districts (federalny okrug), such as the Siberian Federal District;
  • Autonomous okrugs (avtonomny okrug), such as Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.

After the series of mergers in 2005–2008, several autonomous okrugs of Russia lost their federal subject status and are now considered to be administrative territories within the federal subjects they had been merged into:

  • Agin-Buryat Okrug, a territory with special status within Zabaykalsky Krai;
  • Komi-Permyak Okrug, a territory with special status within Perm Krai;
  • Koryak Okrug, a territory with special status within Kamchatka Krai;
  • Ust-Orda Buryat Okrug, a territory with special status within Irkutsk Oblast.

"Okrug" is also used to describe the administrative divisions of the two "federal cities" in Russia:

  • the administrative okrugs of Moscow are an upper-level administrative division.
  • the municipal okrugs of St. Petersburg are a lower-level administrative division.

In Tver Oblast, the term "okrug" also denotes a type of an administrative division which is equal in status to that of the districts.

Furthermore, the designation "okrug" denotes several selsoviet-level administrative divisions:

  • okrugs, such as okrugs of Samara Oblast.
  • rural okrugs (selsky okrug), such as the rural okrugs of Belgorod Oblast.
  • rural territorial okrugs (selsky territorialny okrug), such as the rural territorial okrugs of Murmansk Oblast.
  • stanitsa okrugs (stanichny okrug), such as the stanitsa okrugs of Krasnodar Krai.

In some cities, the term "okrug" is used to refer to the administrative divisions of those cities. "Administrative okrugs" are such divisions in the cities of Murmansk, Omsk, and Tyumen; "city okrugs" are used in Krasnodar; "municipal okrugs" are the divisions of Nazran; "okrugs" exist in Belgorod, Kaluga, Kursk, and Novorossiysk; and "territorial okrugs" are the divisions of Arkhangelsk and Lipetsk.

The term "okrug" is also used to describe a type of a municipal formation, the "municipal urban okrug"—a municipal urban settlement not incorporated into a municipal district.

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