Musk

Musk is a class of aromatic substances commonly used as base notes in perfumery. They include glandular secretions from animals such as the musk deer, numerous plants emitting similar fragrances, and artificial substances with similar odors. Musk was a name originally given to a substance with a penetrating odor obtained from a gland of the male musk deer. The substance has been used as a popular perfume fixative since ancient times and is one of the most expensive animal products in the world. The name, originated from Sanskrit muṣká meaning "testicle," has come to encompass a wide variety of substances with somewhat similar odors although many of them are quite different in their chemical structures.

Until the late 19th century, natural musk was used extensively in perfumery until economic and ethical motives led to the adoption of synthetic musk, which is now used almost exclusively. The organic compound primarily responsible for the characteristic odor of musk is muscone.

Modern use of natural musk pods occurs in traditional Chinese medicine.

Read more about Musk:  Artificial Compounds

Other articles related to "musk, musks":

Musk Railway Station - Re-opening
... to the Wombat State Forest about halfway between Daylesford and Musk ... On 15 September 1990 railmotor services were restored between Daylesford and Musk for the first time in 13 years ... The section of line between Musk and Bullarto was reopened on 17 March 1997 ...
Musk Xylene - Safety
... Musk xylene is an analogue of the explosive trinitrotoluene (TNT), so it is unsurprising that its safety characteristics have been studied in some detail ... Indeed, the nitro musks were first discovered in an attempt to produce new high explosives ... The discovery of musk xylene residues in the environment prompted new concerns about its possible long-term toxicity, and led to the sharp decline in its use ...
Musk Xylene - Production and Use
... Musk xylene is produced from meta-xylene (1,3-dimethylbenzene), by a Friedel–Crafts alkylation with tert-butyl chloride and aluminium chloride followed by nitration with fuming nitric acid or with a 7030 ... Use of musk xylene in various domestic products Product Mass fraction (%) Skin cream 0.0075 Deodorant 0.0075 Shampoo 0.01 Household detergents 0.02 ... World production of nitro musks in 1987 was about 2500 tonnes, but had fallen to about 1000 tonnes by the early 1990s musk xylene made up roughly two-thirds of the production ...
Musk - Artificial Compounds
... Since obtaining the deer musk requires killing the endangered animal, nearly all musk fragrance used in perfumery today is synthetic, sometimes called "white musk" ... They can be divided into three major classes aromatic nitro musks, polycyclic musk compounds, and macrocyclic musk compounds ... Macrocyclic musk compounds are expected to replace them since these compounds appear to be safer ...
Musk Xylene
... Musk xylene was the most widely used of the "nitro-musks", a type of synthetic musk fragrance, which mimic natural musk ... Use of musk xylene has declined sharply since the mid-1980s due to safety and environmental concerns ... and carcinogenic hazards are recognized to be borderline, and musk xylene is a useful example of the lowest level of such risks which need to be taken into account ...