Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a full contact combat sport that allows the use of both striking and grappling techniques, both standing and on the ground, from a variety of other combat sports. The roots of modern mixed martial arts can be traced back to the ancient Olympics where one of the earliest documented systems of codified full range unarmed combat was utilized in the sport of pankration. Various mixed style contests took place throughout Europe, Japan and the Pacific Rim during the early 1900s. The combat sport of vale tudo that had developed in Brazil from the 1920s was brought to the United States by the Gracie family in 1993 with the founding of the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), which is the largest MMA promotion company worldwide.
The more dangerous vale-tudo-style bouts of the early UFCs were made safer with the implementation of additional rules, leading to the popular regulated form of MMA seen today. Originally promoted as a competition with the intention of finding the most effective martial arts for real unarmed combat situations, competitors were pitted against one another with minimal rules. Later, fighters employed multiple martial arts into their style while promoters adopted additional rules aimed at increasing safety for competitors and to promote mainstream acceptance of the sport. The name mixed martial arts was coined by Rick Blume, president and CEO of Battlecade, in 1995. Following these changes, the sport has seen increased popularity with a pay per view business that rivals boxing and professional wrestling.
Other articles related to "mixed martial arts":
... Before Lyle started his mixed martial arts career he was an accomplished wrestler in high school ... a viewing of The Ultimate Fighter while incarcerated for piquing his interest in mixed martial arts ... in multiple interviews that his career in mixed martial arts started the day he left prison ...
... after a 3 year hiatus from the sport, Hasdell made an unsuccessful return to Mixed martial arts ... Lee Hasdell's last Mixed martial arts fight to date was against Ivan Serati on 1 December 2007, at Cage Rage 24 Feel the Pain ... Hasdell has now lost 7 out of his last 10 Mixed martial arts fights since 2000 ...
Famous quotes containing the words arts, mixed and/or martial:
“Having a thirteen-year-old in the family is like having a general-admission ticket to the movies, radio and TV. You get to understand that the glittering new arts of our civilization are directed to the teen-agers, and by their suffrage they stand or fall.”
—Max Lerner (b. 1902)
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—Herman Melville (18191891)
“Let the martial songs be written, let the dirges disappear. Let a
race of men now rise and take control!”
—Margaret Abigail Walker (b. 1915)