The military history of Canada comprises hundreds of years of armed actions in the territory encompassing modern Canada, and interventions by the Canadian military in conflicts and peacekeeping worldwide. For thousands of years, the area that would become Canada was the site of sporadic inter-tribal conflicts among Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the 17th and 18th century, Canada was the site of four colonial wars and two additional wars in Nova Scotia and Acadia between New France and New England; the conflicts spanned almost seventy years, as each allied with various First Nation groups.
In 1763, after the final colonial war—the French and Indian War—the British emerged victorious and the French civilians, whom the British hoped to assimilate, were declared "British Subjects". After the passing of the Quebec Act in 1774, giving the Canadiens their first charter of rights under the new regime, the northern colonies chose not to join the American Revolution and remained loyal to the British crown. The Americans launched invasions in 1775 and 1812. On both occasions, the Americans were rebuffed by British and local forces; however, this threat would remain well into the 19th century and partially facilitated Canadian Confederation in 1867.
After Confederation, and amid much controversy, a full-fledged Canadian military was created. Canada, however, remained a British colony, and Canadian forces joined their British counterparts in the Second Boer War and the First World War. While independence followed the Statute of Westminster, Canada's links to Britain remained strong, and the British once again had the support of Canadians during the Second World War. Since then, Canada has been committed to multilateralism and has gone to war within large multinational coalitions such as in the Korean War, the Gulf War, the Kosovo War, and the Afghan war. Canada has also played an important role in United Nations peacekeeping operations worldwide and has cumulatively committed more troops than any other country.
Other articles related to "military history of canada, canada":
... See also List of Canadian Peacekeeping Missions Closely related to Canada's commitment to multi-lateralism has been its strong support for peacekeeping efforts ... Canada’s peacekeeping role during the 20th and 21st centuries has played a major part in its global image ... Prior to Canada’s role in the Suez Crisis, Canada was viewed by many as insignificant in global issues ...
Famous quotes containing the words canada, military and/or history:
“In Canada an ordinary New England house would be mistaken for the château, and while every village here contains at least several gentlemen or squires, there is but one to a seigniory.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“I would sincerely regret, and which never shall happen whilst I am in office, a military guard around the President.”
—Andrew Jackson (17671845)
“Its not the sentiments of men which make history but their actions.”
—Norman Mailer (b. 1923)