Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday, FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include those of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis.

Although Faraday received little formal education he was one of the most influential scientists in history, and historians of science refer to him as having been the best experimentalist in the history of science. It was by his research on the magnetic field around a conductor carrying a direct current that Faraday established the basis for the concept of the electromagnetic field in physics. Faraday also established that magnetism could affect rays of light and that there was an underlying relationship between the two phenomena. He similarly discovered the principle of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism, and the laws of electrolysis. His inventions of electromagnetic rotary devices formed the foundation of electric motor technology, and it was largely due to his efforts that electricity became practical for use in technology.

As a chemist, Faraday discovered benzene, investigated the clathrate hydrate of chlorine, invented an early form of the Bunsen burner and the system of oxidation numbers, and popularised terminology such as anode, cathode, electrode, and ion. Faraday ultimately became the first and foremost Fullerian Professor of Chemistry at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, a lifetime position.

Faraday was an excellent experimentalist who conveyed his ideas in clear and simple language; his mathematical abilities, however, did not extend as far as trigonometry or any but the simplest algebra. James Clerk Maxwell took the work of Faraday and others, and summarized it in a set of equations that is accepted as the basis of all modern theories of electromagnetic phenomena. On Faraday's uses of the lines of force, Maxwell wrote that they show Faraday "to have been in reality a mathematician of a very high order – one from whom the mathematicians of the future may derive valuable and fertile methods." The SI unit of capacitance, the farad, is named in his honour.

Albert Einstein kept a picture of Faraday on his study wall, alongside pictures of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell. Physicist Ernest Rutherford stated; "When we consider the magnitude and extent of his discoveries and their influence on the progress of science and of industry, there is no honour too great to pay to the memory of Faraday, one of the greatest scientific discoverers of all time".

Read more about Michael Faraday:  Early Life, Royal Institution and Public Service, Later Life, Commemorations, Bibliography

Other articles related to "michael faraday, faraday, michael":

Michael Faraday - Bibliography
... Faraday's books, with the exception of Chemical Manipulation, were collections of scientific papers or transcriptions of lectures ... Since his death, Faraday's diary has been published, as have several large volumes of his letters and Faraday's journal from his travels with Davy in 1813–1815 ... Faraday, Michael (1827) ...
John Meurig Thomas
... John Thomas) and Michael Faraday and the Royal Institution The Genius of Man and Place ... he heard his physics teacher at Gwendraeth Grammar School talk about the life and work of Michael Faraday ... of Great Britain, in London, a position held by Michael Faraday, who has remained one of his scientific heroes ...
Michael Faraday Prize
... The Michael Faraday Prize is awarded by the Royal Society of London for "excellence in communicating science to UK audiences" ... Named after Michael Faraday, the medal itself is made of silver gilt, and is accompanied by a purse of £2500 ...
Gateway To The Great Books - Contents
... The Energies of Men", "Great Men and Their Environment" Arthur Schopenhauer, "On Education" Michael Faraday, "Observations on Mental Education" Edmund Burke, "Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol" John Calhoun, "The ... Tommaso Campanella, "Arguments for and against Galileo" from The Defense of Galileo Michael Faraday, The Chemical History of a Candle Dmitri Mendeleev, "The Genesis of a Law of Nature" from The ...
Lists Of British Inventions - Science
... Robert Hooke Electrical generator (dynamo) - Michael Faraday Faraday cage - Michael Faraday Magneto-optical effect - Michael Faraday Calculus - Sir ...

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