Martial Law

Martial law is the imposition of military rule by military authorities over designated regions on an emergency basis.

Martial law is usually imposed on a temporary basis when the civilian government or civilian authorities fail to function effectively (e.g., maintain order and security, or provide essential services), when there are extensive riots and protests, or when the disobedience of the law becomes widespread.

In most cases, military forces are deployed to subdue the crowds, to secure government buildings and key or sensitive locations, and to maintain order. Generally, military personnel replace civil authorities and perform some or all of their functions. In full-scale martial law, the highest-ranking military officer would take over, or be installed, as the military governor or as head of the government, thus removing all power from the previous executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.

Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public. Such incidents may occur after a coup d'état (such as Thailand in 2006); when threatened by popular protest (China, Tiananmen Square protests of 1989); to suppress political opposition (Poland in 1981); to stabilize insurrections or perceived insurrections (Canada, The October Crisis of 1970). Martial law may be declared in cases of major natural disasters, however most countries use a different legal construct, such as a state of emergency.

Martial law has also been imposed during conflicts and in cases of occupations, where the absence of any other civil government provides for an unstable population. Examples of this form of military rule include post World War II reconstruction in Germany and Japan as well as the southern reconstruction following the U.S. Civil War.

Typically, the imposition of martial law accompanies curfews, the suspension of civil law, civil rights, habeas corpus, and the application or extension of military law or military justice to civilians. Civilians defying martial law may be subjected to military tribunal (court-martial).

Read more about Martial Law:  In Popular Culture

Other articles related to "martial law, law":

Martial Law In Trondheim In 1942 - Effects and Legacy
... Imposition of martial law in Trondheim and surrounding areas was characteristic of Terboven's "iron fist" policy of governing Norway through fear, intimidation, and capricious ... In truth, Norway was already under martial law by any conventional standard ... The imposition of Terboven's version of martial law added capricious, deadly violence to make a point that was already clear to the Norwegian public ...
Martial Law - In Popular Culture
... In the video game Saints Row The Third, the city of Steelport is put under martial law by the fictional military organization, STAG, after a stream of gunfights between the multi-national ... game Prototype, and its sequel Prototype 2, martial law has been declared by fictional military BlackWatch in New York City (late New York Zero ingame), after a bio-terrorist ... In the video game, Final Fantasy VII, Martial law was declared on the city of Midgar by the Shin-Ra corporation in response to the false flag destruction of sector 7, committed by the Shin-Ra ...
Stalinism In Poland - End of Communist Rule (1980–1990) - Facing The Inevitable
... societal crisis meant that, after the shock of martial law had faded, people on all levels again began to organize against the regime ... a number of whom had been outraged by the imposition of martial law ... was paralysing the population since the Martial Law ...
Martial Law In The Philippines
... Martial law in the Philippines (Tagalog Batas Militar sa Pilipinas) refers to the period of Philippine history wherein Philippine Presidents and Heads of state declared a ... Martial law can also be declared in cases of major natural disasters, however most countries use a different legal construct like "state of emergency" ... Typically, the imposition of martial law accompanies curfews, the suspension of civil law, civil rights, habeas corpus, and the application or extension of military law ...
Stalinism In Poland - End of Communist Rule (1980–1990) - Imposition of Martial Law
... national secretary and prime minister that year, began a crack-down on Solidarity declaring martial law, suspending the Union, and temporarily imprisoning most of ... Martial law was formally lifted in July 1983, though many heightened controls on civil liberties and political life, as well as food rationing, remained in place throughout the mid-to-late 1980s ... Solidarity years and the imposition of martial law, Poland entered a decade of economic crisis, officially acknowledged as such even by the regime ...

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