A manikin is a life-sized anatomical human model used in education. The most famous of these, the Transparent Anatomical Manikin (TAM) is a three-dimensional, transparent model of a human being, created for medical instructional purposes. The first TAM was created by designer Richard Rush in 1968. It consisted of a see-through reproduction of a female human body, with various organs being wired so specific body systems would light up on command, on cue with a pre-recorded educational presentation.
Rush eventually produced 42 TAMs, many of which are still in service in various US health education museums.
A cheaper version, the Mobile TAM, was created by Rush in the 1980s.
The Transparent Anatomical Manikin was used as cover art on the 1970 rock album Music from The Body, by Roger Waters and Ron Geesin, and the American alternative rock band Nirvana's 1993 album In Utero.
Famous quotes containing the word manikin:
“Since [Rousseaus] time, and largely thanks to him, the Ego has steadily tended to efface itself, and, for purposes of model, to become a manikin on which the toilet of education is to be draped in order to show the fit or misfit of the clothes. The object of study is the garment, not the figure.”
—Henry Brooks Adams (18381918)