When Israel achieved statehood in 1948, the Israeli Air Force had to be assembled quickly to defend the new nation from the war it found itself almost immediately embroiled in. Among the first aircraft acquired by the Israeli Air Force were three surplus American B-17s, smuggled via South America and Czechoslovakia to avoid an arms trading ban imposed by the United States. A fourth plane was abandoned due to malfunctions and confiscated by American officials. On their delivery flight from Europe, in retaliation for Egyptian bombing raids on Tel-Aviv, the aircraft were ordered to bomb King Farouk's Royal Palace in Cairo before continuing to Israel. They performed the mission (despite some of the crew fainting due to defective oxygen equipment), but caused little damage. The B-17s were generally unsuitable for the needs of the Israeli Air Force, and the nature of the conflict in which long-range bombing raids on large area targets were relatively unimportant—although the psychological impact of the raids was not lost on the enemy. The aircraft were mainly used in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, flown by 69 Squadron; they were withdrawn in 1958 after seeing minor action in the 1956 Suez Crisis.
- 69 Squadron IAF
Other articles related to "israel":
... been used to refer to all or part of this land include Canaan, Greater Israel, Greater Syria, the Holy Land, Iudaea Province, Judea, Israel, "Israel ...
... However, in October, citing security reasons, Israel re-imposed a ban on Jewish pilgrims obtaining special permits and travelling to the tomb ... the holy site is desecrated in an appalling manner, the likes of which we have not seen in Israel or anywhere else in the world." In February, it was reported that Israel would ... Israel's chief rabbis, Yona Metzger and Shlomo Amar, visited and prayed at the tomb along with 500 other worshippers, the first such visit by a high-ranking Israeli ...
... of Jewish Sixthformers, based in the United Kingdom, with a branch in Shelomi, Israel ... Split from Bnei Akiva in Israel, separating its meetings for males and females, and with each branch having its own rabbi for authority ... Associated with Religious Zionism and, in Israel, the National Religious Party (most international branches are apolitical) ...
... Peace Now again came to prominence following Israel's 1982 Invasion of Lebanon, and in particular the massacre of Palestinian refugees by Christian Lebanese Phalangists at the Israeli controlled Sabra. 1982 demonstration was attended by 400,000 people, approximately 10% of Israel's population at the time ... Four months later the commission found Israel to be indirectly responsible for the massacres, and recommended Ariel Sharon's resignation ...
... All emphasised aliyah (emigration to the Land of Israel) and community, with many also focussing on a return to nature ... and most affiliated with or established Israel's political parties ... After Israel's establishment in 1948, some of the movements' roles, such as education, were taken on by the State ...
Famous quotes containing the word israel:
“Do you not see that so long as society says woman has not brains enough to be a doctor, lawyer or minister, but has plenty to be a teacher, every man of you who condescends to teach, tacitly admits before all Israel and the sun that he has no more brains than a woman?”
—Susan B. Anthony (18201906)
“The greatest security for Israel is to create new Egypts.”
—Ronald Reagan (b. 1911)
“Who is the LORD, that I should heed him and let Israel go? I do not know the LORD, and I will not let Israel go.”
—Bible: Hebrew, Exodus 5:2.