A license is an academic degree. Originally, in order to teach at a university, one needed this degree which, according to its title, gave the bearer a license to teach. The name survived despite the fact that nowadays a doctorate is typically needed in order to teach at a university. A person who holds a license is called a licentiate.
In Sweden, Finland, and in some other European university systems, a license or 'Licentiate' is a postgraduate degree between the master's degree and the doctorate. The Licentiate is a popular choice in those countries where a full doctoral degree would take five or more years to achieve.
In some other major countries, such as France, or Belgium or Poland, a license is achieved before the master's degree (it takes 3 years of studies to become licentiate and 2 additional years to become Master) in France, while in Belgium the license takes 4 years while the master itself takes 2 more years. In Switzerland, a license is a 4-year degree then there is a DEA degree which is equivalent to the Master's degree. In Portugal, before the Bologna process, students would become licentiates after 5 years of studies (4 years in particular cases like Marketing, Management, etc.; and 6 years for Medicine). However, since the adoption of the Bologna Process engineering degrees in Portugal were changed from a 5 year license to a 3 year license followed by 2 years for the MSc: Not having the MSc doesn't confer accreditation by the Ordem dos Engenheiros)
Other articles related to "license, licenses":
... A marriage license (American English) or marriage licence (British English) is a document issued, either by a church or state authority, authorizing a couple to marry ... The procedure for obtaining a license varies between countries and has changed over time ... Marriage licenses began to be issued in the Middle Ages, to permit a marriage which would otherwise be illegal (for instance, if the necessary period of notice for the marriage had not been given) ...
... a freeware add-on for Windows Live Messenger Mozilla Public License Microsoft Public License, an open source license offered by Microsoft as part of its ... Microsoft Permissive License, an earlier name for the Microsoft Public License Boost Metaprogramming Library MicroProgramming Language ...
... Carnegie Mellon Silicon Valley, SpikeSource, O'Reilly, Intel QualiPSo project, EU commission License Non-free license, but authorised distribution Assessment models licensed under the ...
... all user text content to be published under a free license most use the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license, although Memory Alpha and Uncyclopedia use a ...
... under the Okapi Framework project is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License agreement ...
Famous quotes containing the word license:
“All is possible,
Who so list believe;
Trust therefore first, and after preve,
As men wed ladies by license and leave,
All is possible.”
—Sir Thomas Wyatt (1503?1542)
“Purchasing power is a license to purchase power.”
—Raoul Vaneigem (b. 1934)
“I go out of my way, but rather by license than carelessness.... It is the inattentive reader
who loses my subject, not I. Some word about it will always be found off in a corner, which will not fail to be sufficient, though it takes little room.”
—Michel de Montaigne (15331592)