The Khmer Rouge, (Khmer: ខ្មែរក្រហម Khmer Krahom) literally translated as Red Khmers, was the name given to the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea in Cambodia. It was formed in 1968 as an offshoot of the Vietnam People's Army from North Vietnam. It was the ruling party in Cambodia from 1975 to 1979, led by Pol Pot, Nuon Chea, Ieng Sary, Son Sen, and Khieu Samphan. Democratic Kampuchea was the name of the state as controlled by the government of the Khmer Rouge from 1975 to 1979.
This organization is remembered primarily for its policy of social engineering, which resulted in genocide. Its attempts at agricultural reform led to widespread famine, while its insistence on absolute self-sufficiency, even in the supply of medicine, led to the deaths of thousands from treatable diseases such as malaria. Arbitrary executions and torture carried out by its cadres against perceived subversive elements, or during purges of its own ranks between 1975 and 1978, are considered to have constituted genocide.
By 1979, the Khmer Rouge had fled the country, while the People's Republic of Kampuchea was being established. The governments-in-exile (including the Khmer Rouge) still had a seat in the UN at this point but it was later taken away, in 1993, as the monarchy was restored and the country underwent a name change to the Kingdom of Cambodia. A year later thousands of Khmer Rouge guerrillas surrendered themselves in a government amnesty. In 1996, a new political party the Democratic National Union Movement was formed by Ieng Sary, who was granted amnesty for all of his roles as the deputy leader of the Khmer Rouge. The organisation itself was officially dissolved sometime in December 1999.
Other articles related to "khmer rouge":
... War, Vietnam overthrew the Khmer Rouge and occupied Cambodia, establishing the puppet People's Republic of Kampuchea ... also discovered evidence of the Khmer Rouge's abuses, such as Tuol Sleng prison facility, and widely publicized them ... their army's march to Thailand, which they in fact did, in hot pursuit of the Khmer Rouge resistance ...
... was a Cambodian guerrilla commander, convicted murderer for Khmer Rouge, and former deputy to its military head Ta Mok ... same year Bith was a general in the Royal Cambodian Army after defecting from the Khmer Rouge in 1996 ... of his position as a regional commander by Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot several weeks before the train ambush ...
... a comprehensive set of resources on the Khmer Rouge and the tribunal including news updates, photographs, databases, literature, maps, overview of US involvement in ...
... With the success of the Khmer Rouge guerrillas in April 1975, the port was the last place to be evacuated by the US army ... The US claimed that the ship was on international sea lanes, but the Khmer Rouge said that it was on Cambodian territory ... After the fall of the Khmer Rouge regime in 1979, the port of Sihanoukville recovered a great importance in the development of the country ...
... has gradually recovered, demographically and economically, from the Khmer Rouge regime, although the psychological scars affect many Cambodian families and émigré communities ... The current government teaches little about Khmer Rouge atrocities in schools ... and by 2005 three-quarters of Cambodians were too young to remember the Khmer Rouge years ...
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—William Butler Yeats (18651939)