Juggernaut

A juggernaut ( North-American pronunciation) in colloquial English usage is a literal or metaphorical force regarded as mercilessly destructive and unstoppable. Originating ca. 1850, the term is a metaphorical reference to the Hindu Ratha Yatra temple car, which apocryphally was reputed to crush devotees under its wheels.

The word is derived from the Sanskrit Jagannātha (Devanagari जगन्नाथ) "world-lord", one of the names of Krishna found in the Sanskrit epics.

The English loanword juggernaut in the sense of "a huge wagon bearing an image of a Hindu god" is from the 17th century, inspired by the Jagannath Temple in Puri, Orissa, which has the Ratha Yatra ("chariot procession"), an annual procession of chariots carrying the murtis (statues) of Jagannâth (Krishna), Subhadra and Balabhadra (Krishna's elder brother).

The first European description of this festival is found in the 14th-century The Travels of Sir John Mandeville, which apocryphally describes Hindus, as a religious sacrifice, casting themselves under the wheels of these huge chariots and being crushed to death. Others have suggested more prosaically that the deaths, if any, were accidental and caused by the press of the crowd and the general commotion.

The figurative sense of the English word, with the sense of "something that demands blind devotion or merciless sacrifice" was coined in the mid-19th century. For example, it was used to describe the out-of-control character Hyde in Robert Louis Stevenson's Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. The term is often applied to a large machine, or collectively to a team or group of people working together (such as a highly successful sports team or corporation), or even a growing political movement led by a charismatic leader—and it often bears an association with being crushingly destructive.

Other articles related to "juggernaut":

Juggernaut (wrestler) - Career - Wrestling Overseas and Return To North America
... In 2000, Juggernaut began touring Asia as a wrestler ... was taping WCW Thunder in Kelowna, British Columbia and recruited Juggernaut and three other local wrestlers for a match ... KroniK won the match in one minute and forty-nine seconds, pinning Juggernaut after performing the High Times ...
Crimson Gem Of Cyttorak - Other Versions
... escape they had the bad fortune to run into Juggernaut (who in this continuity is a super-strong mutant) ... Juggernaut had come looking for his old teammate, Rogue ... Juggernaut immediately announces that he has not felt anything like that since his power activated and that he feels stronger than he was before ...
Laserforce - Specialty Games
... Juggernaut Matches - One player is allocated as the 'juggernaut' and gains points for staying as the juggernaut ... Other players attempt to eliminate this player and thus become the juggernaut themselves ...
Cyttorak - Juggernaut - Third Avatar
... In the Fear Itself storyline, Juggernaut becomes Kuurth Breaker of Stone (one of the Heralds of a long-dormant god of fear known as the Serpent) upon lifting one of the hammers that fell towards the Raft ... Colossus becomes the new avatar of the Juggernaut and is able to push Cain Marko back until Cain is summoned by The Serpent ...
Colossus In Other Media - Fictional Character Biography - Fear Itself
... After the Juggernaut became Kuurth Breaker of Stone, one of the Heralds of a long-dormant god of fear known as the Serpent, Colossus made a bargain with Cyttorak, the ... Colossus became the new avatar of the Juggernaut and was able to push Cain Marko back until Cain was summoned by The Serpent ... instead of returning to Westchester due to his fear of his new Juggernaut powers being unsafe around children ...