Jana Gana Mana is India's national anthem written in Sanskritised Bengali by poet Rabindranath Tagore.
The Calcutta Congress session began on 26 December 1911. The proceedings on the first day began with Vandemataram. The second day was entirely devoted to things connected with the welcoming of King George V, and this day the song Janaganamana was sung.
Tagore's own statement however refutes the belief that the song was written in praise of George V: In a letter to Pulin Behari Sen, Tagore later wrote, "A certain high official in His Majesty's service, who was also my friend, had requested that I write a song of felicitation towards the Emperor. The request simply amazed me. It caused a great stir in my heart. In response to that great mental turmoil, I pronounced the victory in Jana Gana Mana of that Bhagya Vidhata of India who has from age after age held steadfast the reins of India's chariot through rise and fall, through the straight path and the curved. That Lord of Destiny, that Reader of the Collective Mind of India, that Perennial Guide, could never be George V, George VI, or any other George. Even my official friend understood this about the song. After all, even if his admiration for the crown was excessive, he was not lacking in simple common sense."
Read more about this topic: Jana Gana Mana
Other articles related to "conclusion":
... Statistical conclusion validity refers to the appropriate use of statistics to infer whether the presumed independent and dependent variables covary (Cook ... The most common threats to statistical conclusion validity are Low statistical power Violated assumptions of the test statistics Fishing and the error rate problem Unreliability ...
... Affirmative conclusion from a negative premise (illicit negative) – when a categorical syllogism has a positive conclusion, but at least one negative ... term is not distributed in the major premise but distributed in the conclusion ... is not distributed in the minor premise but distributed in the conclusion ...
... Conclusion of law, a legal term Statistical conclusion validity, a statistical test Conclusion of Utrecht, a synod of the Christian Reformed Church Sudler's Conclusion, a ...
... War for Independence, the experiences of war, the ferment of revolutionary politics, and a conclusion on the crucible of revolution ... the movement toward a new national government, and a conclusion on completing the revolution ... the building of an agrarian nation, foreign policy of the new nation, and a conclusion on the period of trial and transition ...
... by different mediums contradicted and he came to the conclusion that at best, the spirits were guessing and at worse, deliberately lying ... He also came to the conclusion that some of the information that he was provided could not possibly have been collected by natural means, that is, the mediums were not frauds ... By consulting a friend, he came to the conclusion that the spirits were trying to gain total control of him ...
Famous quotes containing the word conclusion:
“The source of our actions resides in an unconscious propensity to regard ourselves as the center, the cause, and the conclusion of time. Our reflexes and our pride transform into a planet the parcel of flesh and consciousness we are.”
—E.M. Cioran (b. 1911)
“It is a great many years since at the outset of my career I had to think seriously what life had to offer that was worth having. I came to the conclusion that the chief good for me was freedom to learn, think, and say what I pleased, when I pleased. I have acted on that conviction... and though strongly, and perhaps wisely, warned that I should probably come to grief, I am entirely satisfied with the results of the line of action I have adopted.”
—Thomas Henry Huxley (182595)
“I have come to the conclusion that the closer people are to what may be called the front lines of government ... the easier it is to see the immediate underbrush, the individual tree trunks of the moment, and to forget the nobility the usefulness and the wide extent of the forest itself.... They forget that politics after all is only an instrument through which to achieve Government.”
—Franklin D. Roosevelt (18821945)