Informed Consent

Informed consent is a phrase often used in law to indicate that the consent a person gives meets certain minimum standards. As a literal matter, in the absence of fraud, it is redundant. An informed consent can be said to have been given based upon a clear appreciation and understanding of the facts, implications, and future consequences of an action. In order to give informed consent, the individual concerned must have adequate reasoning faculties and be in possession of all relevant facts at the time consent is given. Impairments to reasoning and judgment which may make it impossible for someone to give informed consent include such factors as basic intellectual or emotional immaturity, high levels of stress such as PTSD or as severe mental retardation, severe mental illness, intoxication, severe sleep deprivation, Alzheimer's disease, or being in a coma. This term was first used in a 1957 medical malpractice case by Paul G. Gebhard.

Some acts can take place because of a lack of informed consent. In cases where an individual is considered unable to give informed consent, another person is generally authorized to give consent on his behalf, e.g., parents or legal guardians of a child (though in this circumstance the child may be required to provide informed assent) and conservators for the mentally ill.

In cases where an individual is provided insufficient information to form a reasoned decision, serious ethical issues arise. Such cases in a clinical trial in medical research are anticipated and prevented by an ethics committee or Institutional Review Board.

Read more about Informed Consent:  Assessment of Consent, Elements of Valid Informed Consent, Waiver of Informed Consent Requirement, History, Medical Procedures, No-victim Laws, Research

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Clinical Research Coordinator
... Informed consent is given freely by every participant ... duties that have been traditionally performed by the PI, such as conducting the informed consent process and ensuring compliance with the protocol” ... the Institutional Review Board submission, writing the informed consent document, working with the institutional official in contract negotiations, developing a detailed cost analysis, negotiating the budget ...
Consent (criminal Law) - Consent Obtained By Deception - Sexual Transmission of Disease
... by the then presumption of a wife's marital consent to sexual intercourse, although Clarence was still being applied after the criminalisation of rape ... conditions and in other sexual matters, reject the notion that consent can be a defence to anything more than a trivial injury ... Consequently, the Appeal Court decided that had the women known of his infection, their consent to unprotected sexual intercourse would have been a valid defence ...
Legality Of Euthanasia - Euthanasia Law By Country - United States
... under federal law and most state laws only with the informed consent of the patient or, in the event of the incompetence of the patient, with the ... when there is clear and convincing evidence that informed consent to the euthanasia, passive or active, has been obtained from the competent patient or the legal ...
Informed Consent - Research
... is overseen by an ethics committee that also oversees the informed consent process ... in the Nuremberg Code were imported into the ethical guidelines for the social sciences, informed consent became a common part of the research procedure ... However, while informed consent is the default in medical settings, it is not always required in the social science ...
Clinical Research Coordinator - Responsibilities - Informed Consent - Additional Elements
... may be terminated by the investigator without regard to the subject's consent Any additional costs to the subject that may result from participation in the ...

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