Electroconvulsive Therapy

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), formerly known as electroshock, is a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in anesthetized patients for therapeutic effect. Its mode of action is unknown. Today, ECT is most often recommended for use as a treatment for severe depression that has not responded to other treatment, and is also used in the treatment of mania and catatonia. It was first introduced in 1938 by Italian neuropsychiatrists Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini, and gained widespread use as a form of treatment in the 1940s and 1950s.

Electroconvulsive therapy can differ in its application in three ways: electrode placement, frequency of treatments, and the electrical waveform of the stimulus. These three forms of application have significant differences in both adverse side effects and positive outcomes. After treatment, drug therapy is usually continued, and some patients receive continuation/maintenance ECT. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, drug therapy is continued during ECT.

About 70 percent of ECT patients are women, due to women being at twice the risk of depression. Although a large amount of research has been carried out, the exact mechanism of action of ECT remains elusive, and ECT on its own does not usually have a sustained benefit. There is a significant risk of memory loss with ECT. It is widely acknowledged internationally that obtaining the written, informed consent of the patient is important before ECT is administered. Experts disagree on when ECT should be used as a first-line treatment or if it should be reserved for patients who have not responded to other interventions such as medication and psychotherapy.

Read more about Electroconvulsive TherapyHistory, Mechanism of Action, Guidelines For Treatment, Adverse Effects, Administration, Patient Experience, Public Perception and Mass Media

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Electroconvulsive Therapy - Adverse Effects - Effects On Brain Structure
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Electroconvulsive Therapy - Public Perception and Mass Media - Fictional Examples
... Electroconvulsive therapy has been depicted in fiction and works based on true experiences ... These include A Clockwork Orange, The Snake Pit, Quantum Leap, Stargate, Frances, Requiem for a Dream, the novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey as well as the movie adaptation, Melrose Place, A Beautiful Mind, The Caretaker, The Best of Youth, House The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath, Shine, The Beverly Hillbillies, the film version of Girl, Interrupted, Insanitarium, Changeling, Ciao! Manhattan, Next to Normal, Return to Oz, Private Practice, Ghost Whisperer, From Beyond, the novel Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, Helen, Oz, Six Feet Under, House on Haunted Hill, Royal Pains, The Wolfman, Homeland, Wrong Turn 4, Constantine, Cold Case,Supernatural,General Hospital,Mad Men, and Homeland ...
List Of Figures In Psychiatry
... Jack Barchas Biological basis of schizophrenia Aaron Beck Cognitive therapy Wilfred Bion Psychoanalysis and group therapy Eugene Bleuler Diagnostic ... Freedman Biological psychiatry Christopher Paul Lindsay Freeman Electroconvulsive therapy Sigmund Freud Psychoanalysis William Glasser Reality therapy, Choice ... Michael Rutter Child psychiatry Kurt Schneider Diagnostic criteria Mogens Schou Lithium therapy Michael Shepherd Psychiatric epidemiology Peter ...
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... are also involved in the administration of the treatment of electroconvulsive therapy and assist with the preparation and recovery from the treatment ...
Management Of Depression - Treatment Using Medical Devices or Equipment - Electroconvulsive Therapy
... Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a treatment where seizures are electrically induced in anesthetized patients for therapeutic effect ... It has a quicker effect than antidepressant therapy, and thus may be the treatment of choice in emergencies such as catatonic depression where the ...

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