Illinois

Illinois (i/ˌɪlɨˈnɔɪ/ IL-i-NOY) is the 25th most extensive and the 5th most populous of the 50 United States, and is often noted as a microcosm of the entire country. With Chicago in the northeast, small industrial cities and great agricultural productivity in central and northern Illinois, and natural resources like coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a broad economic base. Illinois is a major transportation hub. The Port of Chicago connects the state to other global ports from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean; as well as the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois River. For decades, O'Hare International Airport has ranked as one of the world's busiest airports. Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and politics.

Although the state's largest population centers today are in northern Illinois, originally the state's European population grew first in the west, with French Canadians who settled along the Mississippi River. After the American Revolutionary War established the United States, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1810s via the Ohio River, and the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. After construction of the Erie Canal in New York increased traffic and trade through the Great Lakes, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River, at one of the few natural harbors on southern Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois' rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmlands, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden. Railroads carried immigrants to new homes, as well as being used to ship their commodity crops out to markets.

By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars. The Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in Chicago, who created the city's famous jazz and blues cultures.

Three U.S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and Barack Obama. Additionally, President Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was the only US President born and raised in Illinois. Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan, Land of Lincoln, which has been displayed on its license plates since 1954.

Read more about Illinois:  Name, Geography, Demographics, Economy, Parks and Recreation, Governance

Other articles related to "illinois":

University Of Illinois System - Alumni Association
... Inclusive of all graduates, current and former students of the University of Illinois, the University of Illinois Alumni Association has the largest alumni ... It also coordinates the Illinois Connection legislative advocacy network and the EXPLORERS alumni travel program ...
U.S. Route 12 - Route Description - Illinois
... Route 12 in Illinois See also Mannheim Road and 95th Street (Chicago) In Illinois, US 12 is an arterial surface road that runs from Richmond, southeast ... Rand is an original name for the area around Des Plaines, Illinois, the location where the road resumes its westerly direction ...
Illinois - Infrastructure - Transportation - Interstate Highway System
... Illinois' central location and large population are the reasons that Illinois carries the distinction of having the most primary (2-digit) Interstates pass through it among the 50 ...
Onarga, Illinois
... Onarga is a village in Onarga Township, Iroquois County, Illinois, United States ... The population was 1,438 at the 2000 census, and 1,350 in 2009 ...
University Of Illinois System - Foundation
... The University of Illinois foundation is the official fundraising and gift agency of the University of Illinois system ... in the history of the University of Illinois" ...

Famous quotes containing the word illinois:

    An Illinois woman has invented a portable house which can be carried about in a cart or expressed to the seashore. It has also folding furniture and a complete camping outfit.
    Lydia Hoyt Farmer (1842–1903)