Ikat

Ikat, or Ikkat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs a resist dyeing process similar to tie-dye on either the warp or weft fibres prior to dying. The word ikat derives from the Indonesian word mengikat 'to tie'.

Bindings, which resist dye penetration, are applied to the threads in the desired patterns and the threads are dyed. Alteration of the bindings and the dyeing of more than one color produce elaborate, multicolored patterns. When all of the dyeing is finished the bindings are removed and the threads are ready to be woven into cloth.

The defining characteristic of ikat is the dyeing of patterns, by means of bindings, into the threads before cloth construction, the weaving of the fabric, takes place. Herein lies the difference between ikat and tie-dye. In tie-dye the fabric is woven first and the resist bindings are then applied to the fabric which is dyed.

In warp ikat the patterns are clearly visible in the warp threads on the loom even before the plain colored weft is introduced to produce the fabric. In weft ikat it is the weaving or weft thread that carries the dyed patterns which only appear as the weaving proceeds. In weft ikat the weaving proceeds much slower than in warp ikat as the passes of the weft must be carefully adjusted to maintain the clarity of the patterns.

Double Ikat is where both warp and the weft are resist-dyed prior to stringing on the loom. Traditionally, and still commonly, a back-strap loom is used, though any variant or modern loom may be used. Double ikat is only produced in three countries, India, Japan and Indonesia. In Indonesia it is only made in one small Bali Aga village, Tenganan in east Bali.

Read more about Ikat:  Etymology, Distribution, The History of Ikat, Double Ikat

Other articles related to "ikat":

Matmi - Double Ikat - Oshima
... Oshima ikat is a uniquely Japanese ikat ... fabric, upon which the thread for the ikat weaving is spot-dyed ... The Oshima process is duplicated in Java and Bali but known locally as ikat and is reserved for ruling royalty, notably Klungkung and Ubud most especially the dodot cloth semi-cummerbund of Javanese court ...
Matmi - Double Ikat - Other Variants - Cambodian
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Matmi - Double Ikat
... Double Ikat is created by tying both the warp and weft prior to weaving ... be woven and is considered the premiere form of ikat ... Indian and Indonesian examples typify highly precise double ikat ...
Double Ikat - Developments
... Cultural Heritage accreditation for its ikat weaving, along with songket, and gamelan having successfully attained this UNESCO recognition for its wayang, batik and the kris ...
Matmi - Production - Weft Ikat
... Weft ikat uses resist-dye for the weft alone ... Weft ikat are commonly employed where pattern precision is of less aesthetic concern than the overall resultant fabric ... Guatemalan ikat is well-noted for its beautiful "blurs" in colouration ...