Hudson River

The Hudson River is a 315-mile (507 km) watercourse that flows from north to south through eastern New York State in the United States. The river begins at Henderson Lake in Newcomb, New York. The river flows southward past the state capital at Albany and then eventually forms the boundary between New York City and the U.S. state of New Jersey at its mouth before emptying into Upper New York Bay. Its lower half is a tidal estuary, which occupies the Hudson Fjord. This formed during the most recent North American glaciation over the latter part of the Wisconsin Stage of the Last Glacial Maximum, 26,000 to 13,300 years ago. Tidal waters influence the Hudson's flow as far north as Troy, New York.

The river is named after Henry Hudson, an Englishman sailing for the Dutch East India Company, who explored it in 1609. It had previously been observed by Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazano sailing for King Francis I of France in 1524, as he became the first European known to have entered the Upper Bay, but he considered the river to be an estuary. The Dutch called the river the "North River" – with the Delaware River called the "South River" – and it formed the spine of the Dutch colony of New Netherland. Settlement of the colony clustered around the Hudson, and its strategic importance as the gateway to the American interior led to years of competition between the English and the Dutch over control of the river and colony.

During the eighteenth century, the river valley and its inhabitants were the subject and inspiration of Washington Irving, the first internationally acclaimed American author. In the nineteenth century, the area inspired the Hudson River School of landscape painting, an American pastoral style, as well as the concepts of environmental conservation and wilderness.

Read more about Hudson RiverNames, Geography, Transportation, Political Boundaries, Tributaries

Other articles related to "hudson river, river, hudson":

Southwest Hunter Mountain
... Southwest Hunter stands within the watershed of the Hudson River, which drains into New York Bay ... of West Kill, thence into Schoharie Creek, the Mohawk River, and the Hudson River ... into Stony Clove Creek, Esopus Creek, and the Hudson River ...
Hudson River - Pollution and Other Environmental Impacts - Other Environmental Impacts - Cooling Water Withdrawals
... due to its large withdrawals of water from the Hudson, which kills millions of fish and other aquatic organisms each year ... The Hudson River estuary system is part of The National Estuarine Research Reserve System ...
List Of National Natural Landmarks In New York
... of the Palisades Sill and its proximity to the Hudson River Hart's Woods 01972-06-01June 1972 Perinton It contains a pristine stand of beech-maple forest, a climax forest dominated by the American Beech and ... Mianus River Gorge 01964-03-01March 1964 Bedford This preserve, known for its old growth climax hemlock forest and the Mianus River was the first land ... created by a partial blockage of the Oak Orchard River by glacial drift and an outcrop of limestone and dolostone known as the Lockport formation which ...
Mike Davis (boat Builder)
... making recreational boat usage available on the Hudson River from New York City and New Jersey ... spent several years working on an archeological dig in Turkey at Diyarbakır, near the Euphrates River ... the Bosporus, he came to the conclusion that the same thing should be available on the Hudson River ...
List Of Hudson River School Artists
... This is an incomplete List of Hudson River School Artists ... The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement by a group of landscape painters, whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism ... Their paintings depict the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding area, as well as the Catskill Mountains, Adirondack Mountains, and White Mountains of New Hampshire ...

Famous quotes containing the words river and/or hudson:

    There is a river in Macedon, and there is moreover a river in Monmouth. It is called Wye at Monmouth, but it is out of my prains what is the name of the other river; but ‘tis all one, ‘tis alike as my fingers is to my fingers, and there is salmons in both.
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)

    He hung out of the window a long while looking up and down the street. The world’s second metropolis. In the brick houses and the dingy lamplight and the voices of a group of boys kidding and quarreling on the steps of a house opposite, in the regular firm tread of a policeman, he felt a marching like soldiers, like a sidewheeler going up the Hudson under the Palisades, like an election parade, through long streets towards something tall white full of colonnades and stately. Metropolis.
    John Dos Passos (1896–1970)