The Hudson River is a 315-mile (507 km) watercourse that flows from north to south through eastern New York State in the United States. The river begins at Henderson Lake in Newcomb, New York. The river flows southward past the state capital at Albany and then eventually forms the boundary between New York City and the U.S. state of New Jersey at its mouth before emptying into Upper New York Bay. Its lower half is a tidal estuary, which occupies the Hudson Fjord. This formed during the most recent North American glaciation over the latter part of the Wisconsin Stage of the Last Glacial Maximum, 26,000 to 13,300 years ago. Tidal waters influence the Hudson's flow as far north as Troy, New York.
The river is named after Henry Hudson, an Englishman sailing for the Dutch East India Company, who explored it in 1609. It had previously been observed by Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazano sailing for King Francis I of France in 1524, as he became the first European known to have entered the Upper Bay, but he considered the river to be an estuary. The Dutch called the river the "North River" – with the Delaware River called the "South River" – and it formed the spine of the Dutch colony of New Netherland. Settlement of the colony clustered around the Hudson, and its strategic importance as the gateway to the American interior led to years of competition between the English and the Dutch over control of the river and colony.
During the eighteenth century, the river valley and its inhabitants were the subject and inspiration of Washington Irving, the first internationally acclaimed American author. In the nineteenth century, the area inspired the Hudson River School of landscape painting, an American pastoral style, as well as the concepts of environmental conservation and wilderness.
Other articles related to "hudson river, river, hudson":
... Southwest Hunter stands within the watershed of the Hudson River, which drains into New York Bay ... Hunter drains into the headwaters of West Kill, thence into Schoharie Creek, the Mohawk River, and the Hudson River ... thence into Stony Clove Creek, Esopus Creek, and the Hudson River ...
... Water Act due to its large withdrawals of water from the Hudson, which kills millions of fish and other aquatic organisms each year ... The Hudson River estuary system is part of The National Estuarine Research Reserve System ...
... advocate for making recreational boat usage available on the Hudson River from New York City and New Jersey ... archeological dig in Turkey at Diyarbakır, near the Euphrates River ... on the Bosporus, he came to the conclusion that the same thing should be available on the Hudson River ...
... This is an incomplete List of Hudson River School Artists ... The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement by a group of landscape painters, whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism ... Their paintings depict the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding area, as well as the Catskill Mountains, Adirondack Mountains, and White Mountains of New Hampshire ...
... portion of the Palisades Sill and its proximity to the Hudson River Hart's Woods 01972-06-01June 1972 Perinton It contains a pristine stand of beech-maple ... Alexandria Bay This rocky island in the St Lawrence river is managed by the Nature Conservancy and serves as a rookery for Great blue herons Iona Island Marsh 01974-05-01May 1974 Stony Point An island ... Mianus River Gorge 01964-03-01March 1964 Bedford This preserve, known for its old growth climax hemlock forest and the Mianus River was the first land purchase deal by the Nature Conservancy ...
Famous quotes containing the words river and/or hudson:
“Ill love you dear, Ill love you
Till China and Africa meet,
And the river jumps over the mountain
And the salmon sing in the street.”
—W.H. (Wystan Hugh)
“Im so happy to be here. Instead of in a hotel full of tourists. Like me.”
—H.E. Bates, British screenwriter, and David Lean. Jane Hudson (Katherine Hepburn)