Helmand Province

Helmand Province

Helmand (hel-MUND; Pashto/Balochi: هلمند) is the largest of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. It is in the southwest part of the country. Its capital is Lashkar Gah. The Helmand River flows through the mainly desert region of the province, providing water for irrigation.

Helmand is the world's largest opium-producing region, responsible for 75% of the world's total production. This is more than the whole of Burma, which is the second largest producing nation after Afghanistan. Afghan opium accounts for more than 90% of the global supply, and thus is the main source of the global heroin trade as well.

The Helmand valley region is mentioned by name in the Avesta (Fargard 1:13) as Haetumant, one of the early centers of the Zoroastrian faith, in pre-Islamic Afghan history. However, owing to the preponderance of non-Zoroastrians before the Islamization of Afghanistan – particularly Hindus and Buddhists – the Helmand and Kabul regions were also known as "White India" in those days. Some Vedic scholars (e.g. Kochhar 1999) also believe the Helmand valley corresponds to the Sarasvati area mentioned in the Rig Veda as the homeland for the Indo-Aryan migrations into India, ca. 1500 BC.

Much of the fighting between NATO and Taliban forces is taking place in this province and Helmand is said to be a Taliban stronghold.

Read more about Helmand Province:  USAID Programs, Current Military Situation, Border With Pakistan, Cities, Demographics, Districts, Politicians

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Main Operating Base - MOB's in Afghanistan
... Kandahar International Airport, Helmand Province ... Camp Bastion, Helmand Province ... Bagram Airfield, Parwan Province ...
Helmand Province Campaign
... The Helmand province campaign is a series of military operations conducted by the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) forces against Taliban insurgents in the ... Their objective has been to control a province that is known to be a Taliban stronghold, and a center of opium production ... Until then Helmand province had seen only a limited coalition presence ...
Afghan Presidential Election, 2009 - Low Voter Turnout
... have been little more than 35% nationwide and was less than 10% in some districts of Helmand and Kandahar ... In the Pashtun-dominated southern provinces, turnout was as low as 5–10%, according to one Western official ... In Khan Neshin, Helmand province, in the south of Afghanistan, election officials estimated that only 250 to 300 people – out of an estimated population of 35,000 to 50,000 ...
List Of Afghan Security Forces Fatality Reports In Afghanistan - Afghan Private Security Guard Losses
... - Six PMCs, guarding the governor of Musa Qala district, were killed by a roadside bomb in Helmand province ... lawmaker, were killed by a roadside bomb in Helmand province ... April 20 - One PMC was killed by a roadside bomb in Oruzgan province ...
British Forces Casualties In Afghanistan Since 2001 - Since ISAF Stage 3, 31 July 2006 - January 2010 To Present Date
... Anglian Regiment was killed by a roadside bomb in Helmand ... Rifles, in a bomb explosion in Sangin, Helmand province while on foot patrol, brought the British death toll since the start of the Afghanistan war to 250 ... an explosion while on patrol in the Sangin area of Helmand province ...

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