Coordinates: 39°18′N 116°42′E / 39.3°N 116.7°E / 39.3; 116.7

Hebei Province
Abbreviations: 冀 (pinyin: Jì)
Origin of name 河 hé—"(Yellow) River"
北 běi—"north"
"north of the Yellow River"
Administration type Province
(and largest city)
CPC Ctte Secretary Zhang Yunchuan (张云川)
Governor Zhang Qingwei (张庆伟)
Area 187,700 km2 (72,500 sq mi) (12th)
- Latitude 36° 01' to 42° 37' N
- Longitude 113° 31' to 119° 53' E
Population (2010)
- Density
71,854,202 (6th)
372 /km2 (960 /sq mi) (11th)
GDP (2011)

- per capita
CNY 2.40 trillion
US$ 379 billion (6th)
CNY 33,571
US$ 5,198 (14th)
HDI (2008) 0.810 (high) (10th)
Ethnic composition Han: 96%
Manchu: 3%
Hui: 0.8%
Mongol: 0.3%
Languages and dialects {{{Dialects}}}
Prefectural level 11 divisions
County level 172 divisions
Township level* 2207 divisions
ISO 3166-2 CN-13
Official website
(Simplified Chinese)
english.hebei.gov.cn (English)
Source for population and GDP data: Source for nationalities data: *
Template • Discussion • WikiProject China
Chinese 河北
Hanyu Pinyin Héběi
Postal Map Hopeh
- Romanization Hò-pet
- Hanyu Pinyin Héběi
- Wade–Giles Ho-pei
- Hokkien POJ Hô-pak
- Romanization Ghu平poh入
Cantonese (Yue)
- Jyutping Ho4bak1
alternative Chinese names
Traditional Chinese 1. 直隸

2. 燕趙

Simplified Chinese 1. 直隶

2. 燕赵

- Hanyu Pinyin 1. Zhílì

2. Yānzhào

- Wade–Giles 1. Chih-li

Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: Héběi; Postal map spelling: Hopeh) is a province of the People's Republic of China in the North China region. Its one-character abbreviation is "冀" (jì), named after Ji Province, a Han Dynasty province (zhou) that included what is now southern Hebei. The name Hebei means "north of the river", referring to its location completely above the Yellow River.

In 1928, Hebei was formed after the central government dissolved the province of Chih-li (直隸), which means "Directly Ruled (by the Imperial Court)".

Beijing and Tianjin Municipalities, which border each other, were carved out of Hebei. The province borders Liaoning to the northeast, Inner Mongolia to the north, Shanxi to the west, Henan to the south, and Shandong to the southeast. Bohai Bay of the Yellow Sea is to the east. A small part of Hebei, an exclave disjointed from the rest of the province, is wedged between the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin.

A common alternate name for Hebei is Yānzhào (燕趙), after the state of Yan and state of Zhao that existed here during the Warring States Period of early Chinese history.

Read more about Hebei:  History, Geography, Administrative Divisions, Politics, Economy, Demographics, Culture, Media, Transportation, Tourism, Sports, Education

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