Hebei

Hebei

Coordinates: 39°18′N 116°42′E / 39.3°N 116.7°E / 39.3; 116.7

Hebei Province
河北省
Abbreviations: 冀 (pinyin: Jì)
Origin of name 河 hé—"(Yellow) River"
北 běi—"north"
"north of the Yellow River"
Administration type Province
Capital
(and largest city)
Shijiazhuang
CPC Ctte Secretary Zhang Yunchuan (张云川)
Governor Zhang Qingwei (张庆伟)
Area 187,700 km2 (72,500 sq mi) (12th)
- Latitude 36° 01' to 42° 37' N
- Longitude 113° 31' to 119° 53' E
Population (2010)
- Density
71,854,202 (6th)
372 /km2 (960 /sq mi) (11th)
GDP (2011)

- per capita
CNY 2.40 trillion
US$ 379 billion (6th)
CNY 33,571
US$ 5,198 (14th)
HDI (2008) 0.810 (high) (10th)
Ethnic composition Han: 96%
Manchu: 3%
Hui: 0.8%
Mongol: 0.3%
Languages and dialects {{{Dialects}}}
Prefectural level 11 divisions
County level 172 divisions
Township level* 2207 divisions
ISO 3166-2 CN-13
Official website
www.hebei.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)
english.hebei.gov.cn (English)
Source for population and GDP data: Source for nationalities data: *
Template • Discussion • WikiProject China
Hebei
Chinese 河北
Hanyu Pinyin Héběi
Postal Map Hopeh
Transcriptions
Hakka
- Romanization Hò-pet
Mandarin
- Hanyu Pinyin Héběi
- Wade–Giles Ho-pei
Min
- Hokkien POJ Hô-pak
Wu
- Romanization Ghu平poh入
Cantonese (Yue)
- Jyutping Ho4bak1
alternative Chinese names
Traditional Chinese 1. 直隸

2. 燕趙

Simplified Chinese 1. 直隶

2. 燕赵

Transcriptions
Mandarin
- Hanyu Pinyin 1. Zhílì

2. Yānzhào

- Wade–Giles 1. Chih-li

Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: Héběi; Postal map spelling: Hopeh) is a province of the People's Republic of China in the North China region. Its one-character abbreviation is "冀" (jì), named after Ji Province, a Han Dynasty province (zhou) that included what is now southern Hebei. The name Hebei means "north of the river", referring to its location completely above the Yellow River.

In 1928, Hebei was formed after the central government dissolved the province of Chih-li (直隸), which means "Directly Ruled (by the Imperial Court)".

Beijing and Tianjin Municipalities, which border each other, were carved out of Hebei. The province borders Liaoning to the northeast, Inner Mongolia to the north, Shanxi to the west, Henan to the south, and Shandong to the southeast. Bohai Bay of the Yellow Sea is to the east. A small part of Hebei, an exclave disjointed from the rest of the province, is wedged between the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin.

A common alternate name for Hebei is Yānzhào (燕趙), after the state of Yan and state of Zhao that existed here during the Warring States Period of early Chinese history.

Read more about Hebei:  History, Geography, Administrative Divisions, Politics, Economy, Demographics, Culture, Media, Transportation, Tourism, Sports, Education

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