The Greek alphabet is the script that has been used to write the Greek language since the 8th century BC. It was derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, and was in turn the ancestor of numerous other European and Middle Eastern scripts, including Cyrillic and Latin. Apart from its use in writing the Greek language, both in its ancient and its modern forms, the Greek alphabet today also serves as a source of technical symbols and labels in many domains of mathematics, science and other fields.
In its classical and modern form, the alphabet has 24 letters, ordered from alpha to omega. Like Latin and Cyrillic, Greek originally had only a single form of each letter; it developed the distinction between upper case and lower case in parallel with Latin during the modern era. (The letter sigma ⟨Σ⟩ has two different lowercase forms, ⟨σ⟩ and ⟨ς⟩, with ⟨ς⟩ being used in word-final position and ⟨σ⟩ elsewhere.)
Sound values and conventional transcriptions for some of the letters differ between Ancient Greek and Modern Greek usage, owing to phonological changes in the language.
In traditional ("polytonic") Greek orthography, vowel letters can be combined with several diacritics, including accent marks, so-called "breathing" marks, and the iota subscript. In common present-day usage for Modern Greek since the 1980s, this system has been simplified to a so-called "monotonic" convention.
Other articles related to "greek, greek alphabet, greeks, alphabet, alphabets":
... The orthography of the Greek language ultimately has its roots in the adoption of the Greek alphabet in the 9th century BC ... Some time prior to that, one early form of Greek, Mycenaean, was written in Linear B, although there was a lapse of several centuries (the Greek Dark ... Early Greek writing in the Greek alphabet was phonemic, and different in each dialect ...
... In history of the Greek alphabet, the Greeks borrowed the Phoenician alphabet and adapted it to their own language ... The letters of the Greek alphabet are the same as those of the Phoenician alphabet, and both alphabets are arranged in the same order ... "supplementals." Several varieties of the Greek alphabet developed ...
... Manual uses upper-case ASCII letters to represent Greek letters ... ASCII letter represents a lower-case Greek letter, and an asterisk must be added to indicate an upper-case Greek letter ... In general, one encoding character S for Greek sigma is sufficient it is interpreted as a final sigma at the end of words or when followed by punctuation, and as a medial sigma in other positions ...
... Classical/Katharevousa Modern Greek English Greek Alphabet Transliteration Greek Alphabet Transliteration IPA Ὠκεανία Ōkeanía Ωκεανία Okeanía oceaˈnia Oceania. 1600–1000 BC) Ancient Greek (c. 1000–330 BC) Koine Greek (c ...
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