The Great Purge was a series of campaigns of political repression and murder in the Soviet Union orchestrated by Joseph Stalin from 1936 to 1939. It involved a large-scale purge of the Communist Party and government officials, repression of peasants, Red Army leadership, and the persecution of unaffiliated persons, characterized by widespread police surveillance, widespread suspicion of "saboteurs", imprisonment, and arbitrary executions. In Russian historiography the period of the most intense purge, 1937–1938, is called Yezhovshchina (Russian: ежовщина; literally, the Yezhov regime), after Nikolai Yezhov, the head of the Soviet secret police, NKVD.
In the Western world, Robert Conquest's 1968 book The Great Terror popularized that phrase. Conquest's title was in turn inspired by the period of terror (French: la Terreur) during the French Revolution.
Read more about Great Purge: Introduction, Background, Purge of The Army, The Wider Purge, End of Yezhovshchina, Western Reactions, Rehabilitation, Number of People Executed, Stalin's Role, Soviet Investigation Commissions, Mass Graves and Memorials
Other articles related to "great purge, purge":
... The Great Purge (Russian Большая чистка, transliterated Bolshaya chistka) was a series of campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union orchestrated by Joseph Stalin in 1937-1 ... It involved the purge of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, repression of peasants, deportations of ethnic minorities, and the persecution of unaffiliated persons, characterized by widespread police ... Estimates of the number of deaths associated with the Great Purge run from the official figure of 681,692 to nearly 2 million ...
... The Great Purge refers collectively to several related campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union orchestrated by Joseph Stalin ... It involved the purge of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the persecution of unaffiliated persons, both occurring within a period characterized by omnipresent police ...
... In 2007, one such site, the Butovo firing range near Moscow, was turned into a shrine to the victims of Stalinism ... Between August 1937 and October 1938, more than 20,000 people were shot and buried there ...
Famous quotes containing the word purge:
“To purge the mischiefs that increase
And all good order mar,
For oft we see a wicked peace
To be well changed for war.”
—Samuel Daniel (15621619)