First Battle of El Alamein

The First Battle of El Alamein (1–27 July 1942) was a battle of the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War, fought on the northern coast of Egypt between Axis forces (Germany and Italy) of the Panzer Army Africa (Panzerarmee Afrika) commanded by Field Marshal (Generalfeldmarschall) Erwin Rommel, and Allied (specifically, British Imperial) forces (Britain, British India, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand) of the British Eighth Army commanded by General Claude Auchinleck. The battle, although a stalemate, halted a second advance by the Axis forces into Egypt. However, an Axis presence near El Alamein only 66 mi (106 km) from Alexandria, was too dangerously close to major population centres and the Suez Canal for the Allied forces to allow the status quo to remain; a Second Battle of El Alamein would be required to drive the Axis armies out of Egypt for good.

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Famous quotes containing the words alamein and/or battle:

    This sort of thing may be tolerated by the French—but we are British, thank God.
    Bernard Law, 1st Viscount Montgomery Of Alamein Montgomery (1887–1976)

    the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither
    yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet
    favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all.
    Bible: Hebrew Ecclesiastes (l. IX, 11)