Ethnic cleansing (compare Serbo-Croatian etničko čišćenje) is a policy designed by one ethnic or religious group to purposely remove by violent and terror-inspiring means as well as deportation and killing the civilian population of another ethnic or religious group from certain geographic areas.
The term ethnic cleansing gained widespead acceptance by the 1990s in academic discourse; despite originally being used by the perpetrators during the Yugoslav Wars, it is now considered "the widely accepted scholarly term used to describe the systematic and violent removal of undesired ethnic groups from a given territory."
An earlier draft by the Commission of Experts described ethnic cleansing as "the planned deliberate removal from a specific territory, persons of a particular ethnic group, by force or intimidation, in order to render that area ethnically homogenous." which it based on "the many reports describing the policy and practices conducted in the former Yugoslavia, 'ethnic cleansing' has been carried out by means of murder, torture, arbitrary arrest and detention, extra-judicial executions, rape and sexual assaults, confinement of civilian population in ghetto areas, forcible removal, displacement and deportation of civilian population, deliberate military attacks or threats of attacks on civilians and civilian areas, and wanton destruction of property. Those practices constitute crimes against humanity and can be assimilated to specific war crimes. Furthermore, such acts could also fall within the meaning of the Genocide Convention".
Ethnic cleansing is not to be confused with genocide; however, academic discourse considers both as existing in a spectrum of assaults on nations or religio-ethnic groups. Ethnic cleansing is similar to forced deportation or population transfer whereas genocide is the intentional murder of part or all of a particular ethnic, religious, or national group. The idea in ethnic cleansing is "to get people to move, and the means used to this end range from the legal to the semi-legal." Some academics consider genocide as a subset of "murderous ethnic cleansing." Thus, these concepts are different, but related, "literally and figuratively, ethnic cleansing bleeds into genocide, as mass murder is committed in order to rid the land of a people."
Synonyms include ethnic purification.
Read more about Ethnic Cleansing: Definitions, Origins of The Term, Ethnic Cleansing As A Military, Political and Economic Tactic, Ethnic Cleansing As A Crime Under International Law, Silent Ethnic Cleansing, Instances of Ethnic Cleansing, Criticism of The Term
Other articles related to "ethnic cleansing":
... On April 19 the ECMM reported a sharp deterioration of the situation in Central Bosnia, a possible explanation being the suspected aim of the Croats to take over the territory of the two provinces while the world's attention was focused on Srebrenica ... On April 20, Gaćice, a village to the south-east of Stari Vitez, was attacked by the HVO and soon after that the duty officer of the Viteška Brigade reported that the "village of Gaćice has been 70 per cent done" and would probably be under control by the end of the day ...
... which came into being as a consequence of Zionism terrorism and ethnic cleansing, had no right to exist and, more to the point, could have no right ... weapon to trigger a war with Iran and "finish the ethnic cleansing of Palestine" under cover of war, which Hart claims that Israel is planning to do "as soon as the opportunity ... that "Israel, which came into being mainly as a consequence of Zionist terrorism and pre-planned ethnic cleansing, had no right to exist and, more to the point, could have no right ...
... rise of the term and its use for events that he feels should be called "genocide" as "ethnic cleansing" has no legal definition, its media use can detract attention from events that ...
60-70k Redrawing Nations, p174 "In Podole, Volhynia, and Lublin" Terles 50k 60-70k - 100-200k In Ethnic Cleansing p61 Karta 35k 29.8k - - 6.5k "Polska-Ukraina", t.7. 350 ethnic cleansing Czesław Partacz - - - 134-200k Przemilczane w ukraińskiej historiografii przyczyny ludobójstwa popełnionego przez OUN-UPA ... Schulze, Tamás Stark, Barbara Stelzl-Marx, People on the Move Population Transfers and Ethnic Cleansing Policies During World War II and Its Aftermath ...
... one of the preeminent Israel "New Historians" describing Pappe in his review of The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine writes, "At best, Ilan Pappe must be one of the world's sloppiest historians at worst ... small, characterize almost every page of The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine ... Commenting in his review Alice in Ethnic Cleansing Land, Raphael Israeli of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs notes, "When we advance beyond the title of this eye-catching volume of one-side ...
Famous quotes containing the words cleansing and/or ethnic:
“This is not a psychotic episode. This is a cleansing moment of clarity.”
—Paddy Chayefsky (19231981)
“Motherhood is the second oldest profession in the world. It never questions age, height, religious preference, health, political affiliation, citizenship, morality, ethnic background, marital status, economic level, convenience, or previous experience.”
—Erma Bombeck (20th century)