Ethanol Fuel

Ethanol fuel is ethanol (ethyl alcohol), the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for gasoline. World ethanol production for transport fuel tripled between 2000 and 2007 from 17 billion to more than 52 billion litres. From 2007 to 2008, the share of ethanol in global gasoline type fuel use increased from 3.7% to 5.4%. In 2011 worldwide ethanol fuel production reached 22.36 billion U.S. liquid gallons (bg) (84.6 billion liters), with the United States as the top producer with 13.9 bg (52.6 billion liters), accounting for 62.2% of global production, followed by Brazil with 5.6 bg (21.1 billion liters). Ethanol fuel has a "gasoline gallon equivalency" (GGE) value of 1.5 US gallons (5.7 L), which means 1.5 gallons of ethanol produce the energy of one gallon of gasoline.

Ethanol fuel is widely used in Brazil and in the United States, and together both countries were responsible for 87.1% of the world's ethanol fuel production in 2011. Most cars on the road today in the U.S. can run on blends of up to 10% ethanol, and ethanol represented 10% of the U.S. gasoline fuel supply in 2011. Since 1976 the Brazilian government has made it mandatory to blend ethanol with gasoline, and since 2007 the legal blend is around 25% ethanol and 75% gasoline (E25). By December 2011 Brazil had a fleet of 14.8 million flex-fuel automobiles and light trucks and 1.5 million flex-fuel motorcycles that regularly use neat ethanol fuel (known as E100).

Bioethanol is a form of renewable energy that can be produced from agricultural feedstocks. It can be made from very common crops such as sugar cane, potato, manioc and corn. There has been considerable debate about how useful bioethanol will be in replacing gasoline. Concerns about its production and use relate to increased food prices due to the large amount of arable land required for crops, as well as the energy and pollution balance of the whole cycle of ethanol production, especially from corn. Recent developments with cellulosic ethanol production and commercialization may allay some of these concerns.

Cellulosic ethanol offers promise because cellulose fibers, a major and universal component in plant cells walls, can be used to produce ethanol. According to the International Energy Agency, cellulosic ethanol could allow ethanol fuels to play a much bigger role in the future than previously thought.

Read more about Ethanol Fuel:  Chemistry, Sources, Experience By Country, Efficiency of Common Crops, Reduced Petroleum Imports and Costs, Criticism, Other Uses, Bibliography

Other articles related to "ethanol fuel, fuel, fuels, ethanol":

Bio Ethanol For Sustainable Transport - See Also
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Chemical Derivatives Of Ethanol - Uses - As A Fuel
... Energy content of some fuels compared with ethanol Fuel type MJ/L MJ/kg Research octane number Dry wood (20% moisture) ~19.5 Methanol 17.9 19.9 108.7 Ethanol 21.2 26.8 108.6 ... gasoline (high-octane gasoline, not jet fuel) 33.5 46.8 100/130 (lean/rich) Gasohol (90% gasoline + 10% ethanol) 33.7 47.1 93/94 Regular gasoline/petrol 34.8 44.4 min. 38.6 45.4 25 Charcoal, extruded 23 ... Main article Ethanol fuel The largest single use of ethanol is as a motor fuel and fuel additive ...
History Of Ethanol Fuel In Brazil
... The history of ethanol fuel in Brazil dates from the 1970s and relates to Brazil’s sugarcane based ethanol fuel program, which allowed the country to became the world's second largest producer ... allowed the country to achieve a landmark in ethanol consumption, when ethanol retail sales surpassed 50% market share of the gasoline-powered vehicle fleet in early 2008 ... This level of ethanol fuel consumption had only been reached in Brazil once before, at the peak of the Pró-Álcool Program near the end of the 1980s ...
Plants Used As Sustainable Biofuel - Sugarcane in Brazil
... See also Environmental and social impacts of Brazilian ethanol fuel Brazil’s production of ethanol fuel from sugarcane dates back to the 1970s, as a governmental response ... Protection Agency designated Brazilian sugarcane ethanol as an advanced biofuel due to EPA's estimated 61% reduction of total life cycle greenhouse gas emissions ... Brazil sugarcane ethanol fuel program success and sustainability is based on the most efficient agricultural technology for sugarcane cultivation in the world, uses modern equipment and cheap sugar cane as feedstock ...
Ethanol Fuel - Bibliography
... Sustainable Ethanol Biofuels, Biorefineries, Cellulosic Biomass, Flex-Fuel Vehicles, and Sustainable Farming for Energy Independence (Brief and ...

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