Eating disorders refer to a group of conditions defined by abnormal eating habits that may involve either insufficient or excessive food intake to the detriment of an individual's physical and mental health. Bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and binge eating disorder are the most common specific forms in the United Kingdom. Though primarily thought of as affecting females (an estimated 5–10 million being affected in the U.K.), eating disorders affect males as well. An estimated 10 – 15% of people with eating disorders are males (Gorgan, 1999). (an estimated 1 million U.K. males being affected). Although eating disorders are increasing all over the world among both men and women, there is evidence to suggest that it is women in the Western world who are at the highest risk of developing them and the degree of westernization increases the risk. Nearly half of all Americans personally know someone with an eating disorder. The skill to comprehend the central processes of appetite has increased tremendously since leptin was discovered, and the skill to observe the functions of the brain as well.
The precise cause of eating disorders is not entirely understood, but there is evidence that it may be linked to other medical conditions and situations. Cultural idealization of thinness and youthfulness have contributed to eating disorders affecting diverse populations. One study showed that girls with ADHD have a greater chance of getting an eating disorder than those not affected by ADHD. Another study suggested that women with PTSD, especially due to sexually related trauma, are more likely to develop anorexia nervosa. One study showed that foster girls are more likely to develop bulimia nervosa. Some think that peer pressure and idealized body-types seen in the media are also a significant factor. Some research show that for certain people there are genetic reasons why they may be prone to developing an eating disorder.
While proper treatment can be highly effective for many suffering from specific types of eating disorders, the consequences of eating disorders can be severe, including death (whether from direct medical effects of disturbed eating habits or from comorbid conditions such as suicidal thinking).
Read more about Eating Disorder: Classification, Causes, Cognitive Bias in Eating Disorders, Evidence of The Effect of Attentional Bias On Eating Disorders, Attentional Bias Compared To Control Groups, Attentional Bias in Anorexia Nervosa, Attentional Bias in Body Dissatisfaction, Relevance of Studies On Attentional Biases On The Treatment of Eating Disorders, Symptoms-complications, Diagnosis, Prevention of Eating Disorders, Treatment
... been sober since June 3 ... "Kim" eating disorder, self-injury March 30, 2007 (2007-03-30) Kim is anorexic and bulimic, and also cuts herself ... Kim's anxiety and eating disorder are destroying her, the negativity is now threatening to destroy everyone around her as well 4 ... "Anthony" Cocaine April 6, 2007 (2007-04-06) The youngest son in a ... rules or take medication for his bipolar disorder ...
... Binge eating symptoms are also present in bulimia nervosa ... bulimia, those with BED do not purge, fast or engage in strenuous exercise after binge eating ... Binge eating disorder is similar to, but distinct from, compulsive overeating ...
... Selective eating disorder (SED) (also known as perseverative feeding disorder) is an eating disorder that prevents the consumption of certain foods ... Children may not grow out of the disorder, however, and may continue to be afflicted with SED throughout their adult lives ... Selective eating should not be of a concern as long as there are no negative effects on social, physical and emotional development ...
... The summer following her first year at Interlochen she was hospitalized for her eating disorder and then moved in with her father's ex-wife in Northern California ... her future husband, Julian Daniel Beard, but her eating disorder steadily worsened and she was re-hospitalized after Christmas ... At the age of eighteen, despite her continued eating disorder, she signed out of treatment ...
... Treatment varies according to type and severity of eating disorder, and usually more than one treatment option is utilized ... treatment as patients suffering from eating disorders will be reluctant to see a psychiatrist and a lot will depend on trying to establish a good relationship with the patient ... See Cognitive behavioral treatment of eating disorders ...
Famous quotes containing the words disorder and/or eating:
“I have come back
but disorder is not what it was.
I have lost the trick of it!
The innocence of it!”
—Anne Sexton (19281974)
“I have no doubt that it is a part of the destiny of the human race, in its gradual improvement, to leave off eating animals, as surely as the savage tribes have left off eating each other when they came in contact with the more civilized.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)