East Jerusalem or Eastern Jerusalem refer to the parts of Jerusalem captured and annexed by Jordan after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War and then captured and annexed by Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War. It includes Jerusalem's Old City and some of the holiest sites of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, such as the Temple Mount, Western Wall, Al-Aqsa Mosque, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. The term "East Jerusalem" may refer to either the area under Jordanian rule between 1949 and 1967 which was incorporated into the municipality of Jerusalem after 1967, covering some 70 km2 (27 sq mi) (much of which is geographically north and south of the city center as well as east), or the territory of the pre-1967 Jordanian controlled part of the Jerusalem municipality, covering 6.4 km2 (2.5 sq mi) (only geographically east of the city center, mainly the predominantly Arab business district, the Old City and surrounding neighborhoods). East Jerusalem is the proclaimed capital of the proposed Palestine although Ramallah serves as the administrative capital. Israel has declared all of Jerusalem, both East and West sections, as its undivided eternal capital.
Following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Jerusalem was divided into two parts—the western portion, populated primarily by Jews, came under Israeli rule, while the eastern portion, populated mainly by Muslim and Christian Palestinians, came under Jordanian rule. Arabs living in such western Jerusalem neighbourhoods as Katamon or Malha either fled or were in some cases forced out; the same fate befell Jews in the eastern areas, including the Old City and Silwan. The only eastern area of the city that remained in Israeli hands throughout the 19 years of Jordanian rule was Mount Scopus, where the Hebrew University is located, which formed an enclave during that period and therefore is not considered part of East Jerusalem.
Following the 1967 Six-Day War, the eastern part of Jerusalem came under Israeli rule, along with the entire West Bank. Shortly after the Israeli takeover, East Jerusalem was annexed, together with several neighboring West Bank villages. In November 1967, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 242 was passed, calling for Israel to withdraw "from territories occupied in the recent conflict" in exchange for peace treaties. In 1980, the Knesset passed the Jerusalem Law, which declared that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel", thus formalizing Israel's unilateral annexation. This declaration was declared "null and void" by United Nations Security Council Resolution 478.
|Part of a series on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and Arab–Israeli conflict|
|Israeli–Palestinian peace process|
Israel with the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights:
|Israel · Palestinians|
|Camp David Accords · Madrid Conference|
|Oslo I / Oslo II · Hebron Protocol|
|Wye River / Sharm el-Sheikh Memoranda|
|2000 Camp David Summit · Taba Summit|
|Road Map · Annapolis · State of Palestine|
|Primary negotiation concerns|
|Final borders · Israeli settlements · Refugees (Jewish · Palestinian Arab) · Security concerns|
|Status of Jerusalem · Water|
|Secondary negotiation concerns|
|Israeli West Bank barrier · Jewish state|
|Palestinian political violence|
|Places of worship|
|Diplomatic Quartet (United Nations · United States · European Union · Russia)|
|Arab League (Egypt · Jordan) · United Kingdom · France|
One-state solution (Isratine) · Two-state solutions (Arab Peace Initiative · Geneva Accord · Allon Plan · Elon Peace Plan · Lieberman Plan) · Three-state solutionIsraeli unilateral plans: Disengagement · Realignment
|Peace-orientated projects: Peace Valley · Middle East economic integration|
|Major projects, groups and NGOs|
|Peace-oriented projects · Peace Valley · Alliance for Middle East Peace · Peres Center for Peace|
Other articles related to "jerusalem, east jerusalem":
7 June – The Old City of Jerusalem is captured by the IDF ... Purple Line") and included the West Bank (including East Jerusalem), Golan Heights, Sinai Peninsula and Gaza, which had been held by Jordan, Syria and Egypt ... in the southeast corner of the Old City of Jerusalem, is demolished by the Israeli government, creating a plaza in front of the Western Wall in order to make ...
... See also List of mayors of Jerusalem Anwar Al-Khatib (1948–1950) Aref al-Aref (1950–1951) Hanna Atallah (1951–1952) Omar Wa'ari (1952–1955) Ruhi al-K ...
... Israel to allow Israeli Palestinians in East Jerusalem to vote in the Palestinian Authority elections ... Israel allowed Palestinians in East Jerusalem to vote in the January 25, 2006 parliamentary elections, while banning Hamas, which officially calls for Israel's destruction, from campaigning there ... including Gaza, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem ...
... East Jerusalem was annexed by Israel after its victory over Jordan during the Six-Day War in 1967 ... East Jerusalem was joined with the western part of Jerusalem, along with several surrounding Palestinian towns and villages ... Today, Arabs constitute 55% of East Jerusalem and 33% of Jerusalem as a whole ...
... October30 1 ... East Jerusalem The National Insurance Institute's East Jerusalem branch was attacked by Palestinian militants ... attack, the National Insurance Institute decided to close the East Jerusalem branch ...
Famous quotes containing the words jerusalem and/or east:
“Comfort, comfort ye my people, speak ye peace, thus saith our God;
comfort those who sit in darkness mourning neath their sorrows load.
Speak ye to Jerusalem of the peace that waits for them;
tell her that her sins I cover, and her warfare now is over.”
—Johann G. Olearius (16111684)
“The East is marvellously interesting for tracing our steps back. But for going forward, it is nothing. All it can hope for is to be fertilised by Europe, so that it can start on a new phase.”
—D.H. (David Herbert)