East Germany

The German Democratic Republic (GDR; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik or DDR), informally known in English as East Germany, was a socialist state established by the Soviet Union in 1949 out of the Soviet zone of occupied Germany, including East Berlin of the Allied-occupied capital city. The GDR had an area of 107,771 km2 (41,610 mi2), bordering Czechoslovakia to the south, West Germany to the south and west, Poland to the east, and the Baltic Sea to the north. East Germany ceased to exist when its federal states were re-established and acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany on 3 October 1990 (see German reunification).

East Germany has often been described as one of several satellite states of the Soviet Union. Some East Germans saw the state as illegitimate, artificial, a Stalinist puppet regime, and they opposed the dominance of the Socialist Unity Party while viewing West Germany as more socially and politically 'attractive'. Some East Germans regularly referred to the Socialist Unity Party as "the Russian party". The combination of the state's perceived illegitimacy by East Germans and economic problems resulted in 2.7 million East Germans violating the DDR ban on leaving the country by going to West Germany in the 1950s. Frontier barriers were constructed to prevent further depopulation caused by emigration to West Germany. These barriers held no military value beyond migration control as they were too weak to withstand a potential NATO invasion. The most prominent frontier barrier was the Berlin Wall, constructed in 1961, which finally closed the loop hole in the East German border between East Berlin and West Berlin. Those who did attempt to flee across the border risked their lives as East German Border Guards were authorised to use lethal force against escapees, resulting in over 100 deaths. In 1989 a non-violent revolution called for the end of the East German communist government. The Soviet Union, under the reformist leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev, refused to intervene on the basis of his policy to de-escalate the Cold War and let East Germany resolve its own crisis. The revolution toppled the communist government and the country soon reunited with West Germany, bringing to an end over 40 years of division and reunifying the nation into a single Germany.

Read more about East GermanyNaming Conventions, History, Politics, Military, Administrative Districts, Population, Economy, Religion, Culture, Telecommunications, Holidays, Ostalgie

Other articles related to "east germany, germany, east":

LGBT In Germany - Law Regarding Same-sex Sexual Activity
... The Nazi additions were repealed in East Germany in 1950, but homosexual relations between men remained a crime until 1968 ... West Germany kept the more repressive version of the law, legalizing male homosexual activity one year after East Germany, in 1969 ... The age of consent was equalized in East Germany through a 1987 court ruling, with West Germany following suit in 1989 it is now 14 years (16/18 in some circumstances) for female-female, male-male and female-male ...
Shershen Class Torpedo Boat - Ships - Export
... East Germany 18 boats, The East German boats were delivered without the depth charge racks ... East Germany’s Volksmarine used the type heavily, and kept them in service alongside their intended replacements, the Osa I class missile boats. 1984 and the last four were withdrawn in early 1990, eight months before East Germany itself collapsed ...
Canoeing At The 1988 Summer Olympics - Medal Summary - Women's Events
... Gold Silver Bronze K-1 500 metres Vanja Gesheva Bulgaria (BUL) Birgit Schmidt East Germany (GDR) Izabela Dylewska Poland (POL) K-2 500 metres East Germany (GDR) Birgit Schmidt Anke Nothnagel ...
LGBT In Germany - Progression in East Germany (1949–1990)
... East Germany inherited the anti-gay law Paragraph 175 ... In the five years following the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany, the GDR government instituted a program of "moral reform" to build a solid foundation for the new socialist republic, in which ... weakness, and a threat to the social and political health of the nation." In East Germany, Paragraph 175 ceased to be enforced in 1957 but remained ...
East Germany - Ostalgie
... The end of the Cold War division of Germany and unification in 1990 inspired initial euphoria ... But for many East Germans, this joy quickly turned to dismay ... Germans often acted as if they had "won" and East Germans had "lost" in unification, leading many East Germans (Ossis) to resent West Germans (Wessis) ...

Famous quotes containing the words germany and/or east:

    It is the emotions to which one objects in Germany most of all.
    Franz Grillparzer (1791–1872)

    We have a great deal more kindness than is ever spoken. Maugre all the selfishness that chills like east winds the world, the whole human family is bathed with an element of love like a fine ether.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)