Dutch Resistance

Dutch resistance to the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands during World War II can be mainly characterized by its prominent non-violence, summitting in over 300,000 people in hiding in the autumn of 1944, tended to by some 60,000 to 200,000 illegal landlords and caretakers and tolerated knowingly by some 1 million people, including German occupiers and military.

Dutch resistance developed relatively slowly, but the event of the February strike and its cause, the random razzia and deportation of over 400 Jews, stimulated resistance greatly. The first to organize themselves were the Dutch communists, who set up a cell-system immediately. Some other very amateurish groups also emerged, notably De Geuzen set up by Bernard Ijzerdraat and also some military-styled groups started, such as the Ordedienst ('order service'). Most had great trouble surviving betrayal in the first two years of the war.

Dutch counterintelligence, domestic sabotage, and communications networks eventually provided key support to Allied forces beginning in 1944 and continuing until the Netherlands was fully liberated. Some 75% (105,000 out of 140,000) of the Jewish population perished in the Holocaust, most of them murdered in Nazi death camps. A number of resistance groups specialized in saving Jewish children including the Utrechtse Kindercomité, the Landelijke Organisatie voor Hulp aan Onderduikers, the Naamloze Vennootschap (NV), and the Amsterdam Student Group. The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust estimates that 215-500 Dutch Romanis were killed by the Nazis, with the higher figure estimated as almost the entire pre-war population of Dutch Romanis.

Read more about Dutch ResistanceDefinition, Prelude, German Invasion, Initial German Policy, Activities, After Normandy, Figures in The Dutch Resistance

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Dutch Cross Of Resistance
... The Verzetskruis 1940–1945 (English Cross of Resistance 1940–1945) is the second highest decoration for valour in the Netherlands ... When the whole of the Netherlands was liberated in May 1945, the Dutch government in London already had a good and balanced system of both military and civilian honours ... There was no decoration for Dutch resistance fighters, however ...
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... the American airborne divisions in the area, British forces at Arnhem ignored the local Dutch resistance ... Perhaps assuming that the Dutch resistance would be similarly penetrated, British intelligence took pains to minimise all civilian contact ... units, without this bad experience, made use of Dutch help ...
Tamar (novel) - Characters - 1945
... Ernest Lubbers/William Hyde), a Dutch resistance fighter in the SOE (the Special Operations Executive), trained in London ... in a world that was slippery, changeable, fluid.” Tamar (Christaan Boogart) is a Dutch Resistance fighter and an agent in the SOE (the Special Operations Executive) deployed in Holland with his ... Tamar is the leader and organizer of all the resistance groups in his area of Holland ...

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