The Dutch East Indies (Dutch: Nederlands-Indië; Indonesian: Hindia-Belanda) was a Dutch colony that became modern Indonesia following World War II. It was formed from the nationalised colonies of the Dutch East India Company, which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800.
During the 19th century, Dutch possessions and hegemony were expanded, reaching their greatest territorial extent in the early 20th century. This colony which later formed modern-day Indonesia was one of the most valuable European colonies under the Dutch Empire's rule, and contributed to Dutch global prominence in spice and cash crop trade in 19th to early 20th century. The colonial social order was based on rigid racial and social structures with a Dutch elite living separate but linked to their native subjects.
Japan's World War II occupation dismantled much of the Dutch colonial state and economy. Following the Japanese surrender in August 1945, Indonesian nationalists declared independence which they fought to secure during the subsequent Indonesian National Revolution. The Netherlands formally recognized Indonesian sovereignty at the 1949 Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference with the exception of the Netherlands New Guinea (Western New Guinea), which was ceded to Indonesia in 1963 under the provisions of the New York Agreement.
Read more about Dutch East Indies: Etymology, Background, Dutch Conquests, Economic History, Social History, Education, Law and Administration, Royal Dutch East Indies Army, Language and Literature, Art and Culture, Science, Cuisine, Architecture, Fall of The Colonial State, Colonial Heritage in The Netherlands
Other articles related to "dutch east indies, dutch, indies, dutch east":
... lord of the manor of Sloten and Amstelveen, President of the Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) illustrious Patron and Art collector ... and Ilpendam, President or Chairman of the Dutch East Indies Company (VOC), friend, advicor to his cousin Johan de Witt ... the semi-sovereign fiefs of Zuid-polsbroek, Purmerland and Ilpendam, one of the Chairmans of the Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) and the Dutch West Indies Company (WIC) ...
... In The Dutch Golden Age of the 17th century, the Netherlands urbanised considerably, mostly financed by corporate revenue from the Asian trade monopolies ... and considerably changed the dynamics of Dutch society ... When the Dutch Royal Family was established in 1815, much of its wealth came from Colonial trade ...
... Lawrence "Law" Adam (11 June 1908 – 15 May 1941) was a Dutch football player ... He was born in Probolinggo, Dutch East Indies and died in Surabaya, Dutch East Indies ... The Dutch national team visited Switzerland a year later, and Adam was invited to play for his native Netherlands ...
11 Japanese planes were shot down, with the Dutch losing four Buffaloes and two pilots ... Dutch forces in Lembang surrendered the next day ... All four Dutch pilots were awarded the Military William Order on July 14, 1948 ...
... Since 1619 Dutch East India Company has firmly established their base in Batavia, and since 18th century the inland mountainous region of Priangan has been under their possession, ceded from Banten and Mataram ... After Dutch intervention in 1807, Dutch East Indies government has exercised further into the internal affairs of Cirebon states ... finally held no real political power, held as protectorate under Dutch East Indies colonial government ...
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