Dun

Dun is a generic term for an ancient or medieval fort. It is mainly used in the British Isles to describe a kind of hill fort and also a kind of Atlantic roundhouse. The term comes from Irish dún or Scottish Gaelic dùn (meaning "fort"), and is cognate with Old Welsh din, from whence comes Welsh dinas (meaning "city").

In some areas duns were built on any suitable crag or hillock, particularly south of the Firth of Clyde and the Firth of Forth. There are many duns on the west coast of Ireland and they feature in Irish mythology. For example, the tale of the Táin Bó Flidhais features Dún Chiortáin and Dún Chaocháin.

Duns seem to have arrived with Celtic cultures in about the 7th century BC. Early duns had near vertical ramparts made of stone and timber. Vitrified forts are the remains of duns that have been set on fire and where stones have been partly melted. Use of duns continued in some parts into the Middle Ages.

Duns are similar to brochs, but are smaller and probably would not have been capable of supporting a very tall structure. Good examples of this kind of dun can be found in the Western Isles of Scotland, on artificial islands in small lakes.

Read more about Dun:  Toponymy

Other articles related to "dun":

List Of United Kingdom Locations: Ds-Dz - Du - Dun
... to map photo sources) OS grid reference Dun Western Isles 57.79° N 08.56° W NF104974 Dun Angus 56.72° N 02.55° W NO6659 Dunalastair Perth and Kinross 56.69° N 04.10° W NN7158 Dunamuck ...
Dùn, St Kilda
... Dùn (or "Dun" without the diacritic) is an island in the St Kilda archipelago ... means "fort" in Scottish Gaelic (for more information, see "dun"), but the fort itself has been lost - old maps show it on Gob an Dùin (NF109972), which is at the seaward end ...
Managing The Details Of An Undertaking - CD Track Listing
... The Short Weekend Begins With Longing" "Untitled 'Dun Dun'" "The Worst Part" "Arriving Where You Will" (alternate version) "Million" "Ferret" "Lying in Traffic" (live) "Fr ...
List Of Schools In Malta - Colleges in Malta and Gozo - Ħamrun
... Our Lady Immaculate, School - Canon Bonnici Street Dun Frans Camilleri Ħamrun Primary 'C' - School Street Dun Ġorġ Preca Primary 'C' - Guze' Pace Street Dun Ġużepp Zammit Boys ...
Dun Dornaigil
... Dun Dornaigil is an Iron Age broch in Sutherland in the Scottish Highlands ... The walls of Dun Dornaigil generally survive from 6ft to 11ft around the circumference of the broch, but above the doorway they rise to 22ft ... in the vicinity, which strengthens the supposition that Dun Dornagail's inhabitants were a wealthy family dominating the area ...