Court of Final Appeal (Hong Kong)

Court Of Final Appeal (Hong Kong)

The Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港終審法院) is the court with the final adjudication power on the laws of Hong Kong.

Before 1 July 1997, Hong Kong was a British Dependent Territory, and the power of final adjudication on the laws of Hong Kong was vested in the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London. The sovereignty of Hong Kong was transferred from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997, and the Court of Final Appeal was thereby established in Central, Hong Kong. Since then, it serves as the court of last resort, thus executing the power of final adjudication on the laws of Hong Kong.

Under the Basic Law, the constitutional document of Hong Kong, the special administrative region remains a common law jurisdiction. Judges from other common law jurisdictions (including England and Wales) can be recruited and serve in the judiciary according to Article 92 of the Basic Law.

The court has the power of final interpretation with regard to all laws in force in Hong Kong save the Basic Law. The power of interpretation of the Basic Law is vested in the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of China (NPCSC) by virtue of Article 158 of the Basic Law. However, the same Article delegates such power to the courts of Hong Kong for interpretation while handling court cases. Although this arrangement has attracted criticism of "undermining judicial independence", an interpretation by the NPCSC does not affect any court judgments already rendered. Controversy regarding this power of interpretation arose in the right of abode issue in 1999.

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... Title and name Date of birth Appointed by Took office Prior positions Mr Gerald Nazareth,GBS Vice President of the Courtof Appeal of Hong Kong Justice of the Courtof Appeal of Bermuda The Hon ... Mortimer,GBS QC 7 August 1931 United Kingdom Tung Chee-Hwa 1997 Justice of High Courtof Justice of England and Wales from 1985 to 1993,Lord Justice of Appeal from 1993 to 1997,and Vice President of the Courtof ... Donald Tsang 2005 Former justice of the High Courtof Australia The Rt Hon Sir Thomas Gault 31 October 1938 New Zealand Donald Tsang The Hon ...

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