Cognitive Capture - Possible Causes - Expectation

Expectation

When a person expects certain things to happen, he/she tends to block out other possibilities. This can lead to inattentional blindness. For example, person X is looking for their friend at a concert, and that person knows their friend (person Y) was wearing a yellow jacket. In order to find person Y, person X looks around for people wearing yellow. It is easier to pick a color out of the crowd than a person. However, if person Y took off the jacket, there is a chance person X could walk right past person Y and not notice because he/she was looking for the yellow jacket. Because of expectations, experts are more prone to inattentional blindness than beginners. An expert knows what to expect when certain situations arise. Therefore, that expert will know what to look for. This could cause that person to miss out on other important details that he/she may not have been looking for.

Read more about this topic:  Cognitive Capture, Possible Causes

Other articles related to "expectation":

Conditioning (probability) - Conditioning On The Discrete Level - Conditional Expectation
... Given that X = 1, the conditional expectation of the random variable Y is E ( Y
Conditioning (probability) - Conditioning On The Discrete Level - Conditional Distribution
... The corresponding expectation 0.3 x, obtained from the general formula for H ( n R, W ), is nothing but the conditional expectation E (Y
Standard Probability Space - Using The Standardness - Regular Conditional Probabilities
... the conditional probability is another probability measure, and the conditional expectation may be treated as the (usual) expectation with respect to the conditional measure ... is often treated indirectly, since the condition may have probability 0, see conditional expectation ... For example linearity of the expectation Jensen's inequality (see conditional expectation) Hölder's inequality the monotone convergence theorem, etc ...

Famous quotes containing the word expectation:

    I have no expectation that any man will read history aright who thinks that what has been done in a remote age, by men whose names have resounded far, has any deeper sense than what he is doing to-day.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    In the United States, though power corrupts, the expectation of power paralyzes.
    John Kenneth Galbraith (b. 1908)

    The expectation that every neurotic phenomenon can be cured may, I suspect, be derived from the layman’s belief that the neuroses are something quite unnecessary which have no right whatever to exist. Whereas in fact they are severe, constitutionally fixed illnesses, which rarely restrict themselves to only a few attacks but persist as a rule over long periods throughout life.
    Sigmund Freud (1856–1939)