Columbus, an important historical figure, has been depicted in fiction, cinema and television, and in other media and entertainment, such as stage plays, music, cartoons and games.
- In games
- Christopher Columbus appears as a Great Explorer in the 2008 strategy video game, Civilization Revolution.
- In literature
- In 1889, American author Mark Twain based the time traveler's trick in A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court on Columbus's successful prediction of a lunar eclipse during his fourth voyage to the New World.
- In 1941 the British author Rafael Sabatini published a novel Columbus, based on a screenplay he had written for a planned film. The story provided the inspiration for the 1949 film about Columbus.
- In 1958, the Italian playwright Dario Fo wrote a satirical play about Columbus titled Isabella, tre caravelle e un cacciaballe (Isabella, three tall ships and a con man). In 1997 Fo was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. The play was translated into English in 1988 by Ed Emery and is downloadable on the internet.
- In 1991, author Salman Rushdie published a fictional representation of Columbus in The New Yorker, "Christopher Columbus and Queen Isabella of Spain Consummate Their Relationship, Santa Fe, January, 1492".
- In Pastwatch: The Redemption of Christopher Columbus (1996) science fiction novelist Orson Scott Card focuses on Columbus's life and activities, but the novel's action also deals with a group of scientists from the future who travel back to the 15th century with the goal of changing the pattern of European contact with the Americas.
- British author Stephen Baxter includes Columbus's quest for royal sponsorship as a crucial historical event in his 2007 science fiction novel Navigator (ISBN 978-0-441-01559-7), the third entry in the author's Time's Tapestry Series.
- American novelist Steve Berry's 2012 book The Columbus Affair revolves around the premise that Columbus's voyages held a secret purpose, with clues to an ancient Jewish treasure.
- In music
- Christopher Columbus is regularly referred to by singers and musical groups in the Rastafari movement as an example of a European oppressor. The detractors include Burning Spear (Christopher Columbus), Culture (Capture Rasta), and Peter Tosh (You Can't Blame The Youth, Here Comes The Judge).
- On Screen
- Christopher Columbus is a 1949 film starring Fredric March as Columbus.
- The 1985 TV mini-series, Christopher Columbus, features Gabriel Byrne as Columbus.
- Columbus was portrayed by Gérard Depardieu in the 1992 film by Ridley Scott, 1492: Conquest of Paradise. Scott presented Columbus as a forward-thinking idealist, as opposed to the view that he was ruthless and responsible for the misfortune of Native Americans.
- Carry On Columbus is a 1992 comedy.
- Christopher Columbus: The Discovery, is a 1992 biographical film by Alexander Salkind.
- The 42nd episode of The Sopranos, entitled "Christopher" (2002), addresses the controversies surrounding Columbus's legacy from the perspectives of numerous identity group members.
- In sculpture
- Isabella and Columbus by Larkin Mead, 1874, California State Capitol, Sacramento, California
- Christopher Columbus, by Moses Jacob Ezekiel, Arrigo Park, Chicago. Illinois, 1891
- Drake Fountain, also known as the Columbus Monument by Richard Henry Park, Chicago, Illinois, 1892
- Christopher Columbus by Ferdinand von Miller the Younger, St. Louis, Missouri, 1884, This work is different from most in that it shows a bearded Columbus. It is believed to be the first bronze statue of Columbus in the United States.
- Colossal Columbus statue by Mary Lawrence, 1893, at the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, Illinois,
- Columbus by Paul Wayland Bartlett ca. 1895 Library of Congress, Washington D.C.
- Christopher Columbus Memorial by Pietro Piai 1904, Pueblo, Colorado. "Colorado was the first state to make Columbus Day a legal holiday in 1905 and this is reportedly the first monument to Columbus erected in the United States."
- Christopher Columbus, by Augusto Rivalta, Detroit, Michigan, 1910,
- Columbus Fountain, by Lorado Taft, 1912, Washington D.C.
- Christopher Columbus, by Virgil Rainer, Chicago, Illinois, 1924
- Christopher Columbus by Charles Brioschi, assisted by Leo Lentelli, St. Paul, Minnesota, 1931
- Christopher Columbus by Charles Brioschi, Grant Park (Chicago), 1933
- Christopher Columbus, by Frank Vittor, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, 1958
- Christopher Columbus Monument by David W. Oswald, Columbus, Wisconsin, 1988
- In space
- Asteroid 327 Columbia is named in his honour.
Read more about this topic: Christopher Columbus
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